ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Vietnam's Experience with Hybrid Rice

Vietnam is the only country in the humid tropics in Asia where the rate of hybrid rice adoption has been growing. What are the distinct factors responsible for this unique development in hybrid rice R and D in Vietnam - which has similar agro ecological, political, socio-economic and institutional features as China? Would hybrid rice adoption be sustained in the long run in Vietnam? This paper reviews the development of hybrid rice in the country in the context of the development of the overall rice economy. It reports the findings of a sample farm household survey on the profitability of cultivating hybrid rice over the inbred high-yielding varieties.

Modern Farm Technology and Infrastructure in Vietnam

Household-level data were generated from eight villages representing different ecologies and states of infrastructure development from both North and South Vietnam to study the issue of poverty and income distribution. Results show that the adoption of modern rice varieties under irrigated conditions substantially increased rice yield and reduced the unit cost of production, but the profit and income effect was insignificant when they are cultivated under rainfed conditions. The concentration of income and the incidence of poverty were lower in the 'developed' villages than in the 'less developed' villages.
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