ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Maoism in India

In spite of its expansion to new areas and a remarkable increase in its military capabilities and striking power, the Maoist movement led by the Communist Party of India (Maoist) faces a political-organisational crisis of sorts. The Maoists' goals - the building of a "mighty mass movement against imperialism", isolating and defeating the Hindutva-fascist forces, and building a "powerful urban movement, particularly of the working class" as complementary to armed agrarian struggle remain as elusive as ever. At a more theoretical level, the programme and strategic-tactical line of the CPI (Maoist) seem inadequate in coping with the complex Indian reality in a changed international situation, and in the context of the worldwide severe setback that socialism has suffere

BIHAR-Elections with a Difference

BIHAR Elections with a Difference Tilak D Gupta What decisively tilted the balance in favour of the Janata Dal and its allies in the assembly elections in Bihar was the overwhelming support of the rural poor. This support is not easy to explain considering that the Laloo Prasad government had done little in its five-year term to ameliorate the condition of the poor in the Bihar countryside. At the same time, while the vast majority of the poor Biharis who backed the Dal belong to the subordinated castes among the Hindus and Muslims, polarisation along economic lines is taking place among the electorate.

Little Autonomy in Jharkhand Autonomous Council

Autonomous Council Tilak D Gupta The Jharkhand accord signed in Delhi by the Bihar chief minister and the union minister of state for internal security is not going to usher in any genuine autonomy for the people of the south Bihar plateau. The Jharkhand Area Autonomous Council to he created under the accord will he a toothless body without legislative, financial or administrative powers.

Jharkhand Focus on Culture

However what is more important is not just full-empfoyment but, as also emphasised by Rodgers, the quality of employment and the unequal access of certain sections of the population to better jobs in the labour market.

Meeting Challenge of Economic Reforms-Signals from Two Trade Union Conferences

Signals from Two Trade Union Conferences Tilak D Gupta PATNA, Bihar's stale capital, was the venue of two all-India conferences of major left trade union centres. The Centre for Indian Trade Unions (CITU), controlled by the CPI(M), held its eighth national conference at Patna from March 3. The 35th session of the All-India Trade Union Congress (AITUC) attached to the CPI closely followed, beginning from March 11.

Behind the Violence in Rural Bihar

Rural Violence in Bihar by Bindeshwar Pathak;, Concept Publishing Company,
BINDESHWAR PATHAK, who is known for his useful work in developing and popularising a new type of community latrine in India and beyond, has now tried his hand at analysing the rural violence in Bihar. In the preface, the author says that the purpose of the book is "to uncover the underlaying bases of the violence" as wellas "to study the pattern and magnitude of violence characterising each act of brutality". And he hopes that "the study would provide clear understanding and fresh insights into the phenomenon of rural violence in a milieu exposed to forces of modernity".

Jharkhand Autonomy a Far Cry

circles at Delhi, in responding to the Jharkhand problem, perhaps offers a classical illustration of the Pavlovian theory of conditioned reflex. Every threat of economic blockade brings out a profusion of platitudes about resolving the long-pending autonomy demand of the Jharkhandi people. The crisis over, it is of course business as usual, with none too much bothered about the pile of unkept promises.

Partyless Polls to Powerless Panchayats

increase in the overall expenditure, the amounts assigned to these areas in real terms would fall short of the requirements and hence the gap in the availability of these services would get widened. So is the case with financial and physical resources allocated for special employment programmes like the IRDP and the Jawahar Rojgar Yojana. These schemes are looked down upon with contempt by the bureaucracy and during the last four-five years, the funds allocated for them have been pitifully small The biased attitude of the government in this respect is evident from the fact that its immediate response to the high level of food-stocks with i t was to resort to their export and not think of using foodgrains for the creation of assets through special employment programmes.

Problems of Left Assertion in Bihar-Patna Poll Lessons

Patna Poll Lessons FOR those acquainted with the nuances of Bihar politics, the clean sweep made by the Janata Dal and its allies in the recent by- elections in the state did not come as a surprise. The ruling Janata Dal won the Patna parliamentary and the Garhwa assembly seats, defeating its nearest BJP rivals, and helped the CPI to retain the Goh assembly seat.

Yadav Ascendancy in Bihar Politics

and service conditions should be maintained, The management also put forward a 20-point proposal for re-opening the factory. It is interesting to note thai the first point in the management's proposal was that the union would not pursue the matter of forming a co-operative The other main points are: complete rationalisation of manpower through voluntary retirement scheme; wage freeze for next five years; reduction of retirement age; factory to be reopened in a phased manner. The management's proposals aim at reduction of manpower and curtailment of existing privileges of workers. It can be easily understood that there is a wide gulf between the two proposals. The union was to be forced to abandon the proposal of running the company through a co-operative. There was hard bargaining between the two parties, but no settlement could be arrived at. The state government did not come to the rescue of the workers. Thus a deadlock has been created over the question of the reopening of the -factory and the fate of about one thousand workers is uncertain.

Caste Complications in Agrarian Conflict

Caste Complications in Agrarian Conflict Tilak D Gupta In rural Bihar the economic deprivation of the labouring classes is as a rule compounded by social oppression, A typical victim of the dual burden of class and caste exploitation is not only landless, hungry and destitute. He or she also does not have any 'izzat'. This may provide a clue to the Bara massacre in which 37 people were hacked to death in February this year.

Jharkhand Movement Subdued but Resilient

colonies in 1,000 hectare plots of pasture land.
Although women pastoralists were very keen to continue with pastoralism, our perception is that they may not have a say in the final choice between agriculture and cattle rearing. It was suggested that land be allotted to women so that they may continue with their traditional occupation as they are the ones who anyhow do the maximum work in livestock rearing.

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