ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Revealed Comparative Advantage and Decomposition of Export Growth

Using the revealed comparative index and the method of constant market share analysis, this article attempts to identify the relative advantage/disadvantage of select rubber products exported from India and decompose the contributory factors behind export growth of these products.

Rubber and Rubber Products

Attempting to provide a conceptual basis for disaggregate-level analysis of the implications of the ASEAN-India Free Trade Agreement on rubber and rubber products, this article critically assesses the key provisions of the accord. The analysis reveals that the categorisation of tariff lines under six different groups is the most crucial component governing tariff policy and the implementation period. India's negative balance of trade in rubber and rubber products with ASEAN and the high annual average growth rate of imports of fi nished rubber products underline the need for close monitoring of the trends in external trade with the trading bloc at the disaggregate level.

Value Addition or Value Acquisition?

The prolonged crisis in the plantation sector has attracted widespread attention. The current situation of growing market uncertainties or depressed farm gate prices of four major plantation crops - natural rubber, tea, coffee and cardamom - is rather unprecedented in gravity and has serious repercussions. The need for strategic interventions to facilitate the growth of producers' consortiums in the conduct of primary marketing of tea, coffee and cardamom deserves due attention. Moreover, the link between instabilities in farm gate prices and duty free imports for value added exports should also be examined.

Informal Labour Market and Structural Devolution

This paper discusses the dynamics of the labour market in the context of the structural changes in the rubber small-holding sector. The authors (a) analyse the processes determining tapping and its size in the small-holdings; (b) examine the inter-regional differences in wages, tapping tasks, employment and earnings of tappers; and (c) highlight emerging issues and their implications for the labour market.

Natural Rubber in Post-QRs Regime

The impact of the trade control measures on natural rubber imposed last year, though still too early to discern, must be seen in the context of the removal of quantitative restrictions on imports and the liberalised trade regime in place over the past decade.

Duty Exemption and Remission Schemes

Under a fully WTO-compatible trade regime, to which India is committed, the only weapon available in normal circumstances to check imports which damage domestic industry is flexibility in fixation of customs duties subject to the committed bound rates. But as imports under the export-linked schemes are duty-free, a surge in such imports cannot be arrested through the tariff rate mechanism. It is necessary, therefore, to rationalise the duty exemption and remission schemes in the EXIM Policy 2002-07 to be announced shortly.

Impact of Economic Reforms on Tyre Industry

This paper attempts to assess the impact of economic reforms on the automotive tyre manufacturing industry. The analysis focuses on the dominant truck and bus tyre segment. With the entry of MNCs in the post-reform period, the sector is on the verge of a major shake-up, underlining the need for nationalisation of the product mix, favouring radical tyres with large-scale investment.

Dynamics of World Natural Rubber Economy-Its Relevance to India

Its Relevance to India Tharian George K M R Sethuraj The major challenges facing the world natural rubber (NR) economy and its responses since 1980s are different from the previous experiences in terms of the net implications. This paper summarises the main features of the changing dimensions of world natural rubber economy and outlines the priorities and strategies relevant to India in the context of the new economic scenario.

Commercial Exploitation of Ancillary Rubber Products

Rubber Products Toms Joseph Tharian George K With the International Rubber Agreement, the only existing commodity pact on the verge of collapse, the, commercial exploitation of ancillary rubber products such as rubber wood, rubber seed and honey has assumed importance.

Rubber-Based Industrialisation in Kerala-An Assessment of Missed Linkages

An Assessment of Missed Linkages Tharian George K Toms Joseph Kerala has a near monopoly in the production of natural rubber and yet it consumes only a small proportion of the produce. In fact, the state's NR-based industries are almost entirely confined to NR processing small-scale units with limited linkages.

Role of Government and Structural Changes in Rubber Plantation Industry

in Rubber Plantation Industry Tharian George K V Haridasan B Sreekumar The government's policies towards the rubber plantation industry in terms of various incentives have had far- reaching consequences for the industry's development and structure. In this paper the authors critically examine the structural changes in the industry since the 1950s and analyse the major government policies that have played a positive role in the development of the industry during this period.

TEA INDUSTRY- Quick Profits over Larger Production

TEA INDUSTRY Quick Profits over Larger Production Tharian George K UNITED planters' Association of Southern India (known as UPASI) has formulated a plan for the revival and development of Kerala's tea industry. The profitability of tea plantations all over the country has been declining, particularly plantations in Kerala. Stagnant or declining auction prices and cost escalations since the early 1970s have been mainly responsible for this. Many small tea growers, and even some large ones, in Kerala are, therefore, shifting to more profitable crops, such as rubber.
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