ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

Tejaswini NiranjanaSubscribe to Tejaswini Niranjana

Reorganisation of Desire

Discussions about violence and safety dominate public discourse about women in 21st century India. In urban spaces, this discourse appears to have specific characteristics--such as the focus on young women's occupation of globalised workplaces, their clothing, and their movements in the city. Drawing on recent research conducted in Bengaluru, this paper argues that the links between women and social transformation are being obscured by the intensified concern with safety, and suggests that redescribing women's experience may throw up a new set of issues with which feminist scholarship might productively engage.

Indian Languages in Indian Higher Education

A report of a consultation on the key issues in strengthening the presence of Indian languages in higher education, formulating initiatives for innovative curriculum design, production of raw materials, teacher training and resource aggregation.

Music in the Balance

The paper examines the social role of Hindustani music in the Dharwad-Hubli region, situating the music's early 20th century emergence and proliferation against and within the debates on language that were central to cultural transformation in that area. What was the problem of Kannada and more broadly the language question in the mid to late 19th and early 20th centuries? What might have been the role of vocal music in negotiating the language conflict? The paper suggests that Hindustani music is part of the cultural labour undertaken in the region during the rise of Kannada "nationalism". The phrase draws attention to the nature of the work involved in cultural practice and performance, and the nature of performers' activity, through teaching, singing, playing, evaluating and arguing about music. Cultural labour references a visible aspect of social transformation and social process, the latter to be seen as marked by elusive shifts in ways of living, thinking and creating. The formation of the taste for Hindustani sangeet in Dharwad is one result of such shifts.

Thinking through 'Region'

The concept of "region" in ways, explicit and implicit, has framed academic practices in the social sciences. A recent workshop focused on the category of region by raising new questions and speculating on directions for future research. Among the concerns raised, some related to region and its specificity to a location; how language and history shape region; the relativity of identities and practices to region; the region as a "fragment" within a larger national space or identity and how cinematic representations give an added dimension to the concept of region.

Reworking Masculinities

The kidnapping of Rajkumar has produced various kinds of popular arguments for new cultural agendas in relation to the Kannada language, so salient in the portrayal of an embattled Kannada identity. Central to these anxieties is the recurrent theme of masculinity in crisis. In the texts examined by the author, the 'manhood' of the defenders of the endangered language is a subject of heated discussion.

Mirror Politics: 'Fire', Hindutva and Indian Culture

With the immediate danger of a possible ban now behind us, it may be useful to look at 'Fire' more carefully and raise certain questions in the context of the recent controversy and acclaim. Shouldn't we go beyond identifying good and bad images of women to investigate the critique of patriarchy that a film like 'Fire' provides, and the characterisation of the feminist self that it makes available?

Managing the Crisis-Bharateeyudu and the Ambivalence of Being Indian

The films of Shankar and Maniratnam have acquired a following that goes beyond the traditional class' audience because of their direct and innovative engagement with the present But to read Shankar's Bharateey udu as an argument for liberalisation is to miss the point. What the film demonstrates unequivocally is that something is indeed wrong with our liberalised or liberalising present, that it requires re-evaluation and intervention.

Banning Bombayi-Nationalism, Communalism and Gender

Is the protest against Mantratnam's new film, on the ground that it offends Muslim sentiments, simply an expression of 'fundamentalism ' of Muslim patriarchal attitudes? Could it not be that the liberal analysis and solution ('hatred' and 'love') are unacceptable as inaccurate, simplistic and patronising to those who comprise the overwhelming majority among the victims of communal violence?

Gravity of the State

Ecology of 'Crime, New York. 1986 for a geographical approach to the understanding of 'crime'. 25 See Susan Smith, Crime and Society, Cambridge, 1986, for this line of analysis in the English case.

Integrating Whose Nation-Tourists and Terrorists in Roja

GATT, though China is seeking membership of the GATT, the IMF and the World Bank, for its own reasons. China is in an economically strong position. Moreover, the Chinese economy, to the extent its politics is controlled by one party and its distribution system is partly in the hands of the state, can get away with lots of economic regulation contrary to the GATT. Public distribution of food or of drugs is a case in point. India

Cinema, Femininity and Economy of Consumption

of Consumption Tejaswini Niranjana The aggressive neo-nationalism of our times produces and sanctions a new femininity which is targeted by a national market rather than merely regional ones. The conditions that create larger disposable incomes for certain sections and the proliferation of consumer goods construct also the new patrons of the visual image who see their innermost desires figured forth

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