ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Contemporary European Scholarship on Political and Social Change in South Asia-An Essay in the Sociology of Knowledge

Western scholarship on political and social change in south Asia has undergone at least three major transformations during the last four decades. It has become conceptually less Eurocentric and more sensitive to regional nhances arid to the internal dynamic of change. It has become less and less 'comparative' in the conventional sense of devoting undue attention to institutional structures, and increasingly aware of political, economic and social forces underlying their functioning or mat-functioning as the case may be. Finally, it has recently started to become more rooted in analysis based on empirical field work and less preoccupied with theories and models for their own sake.

Piloting a Nation into the Twenty-First Century-Changing Political Context of State Power and Class Contradictions in India

Piloting a Nation into the Twenty-First Century Changing Political Context of State Power and Class Contradictions in India T V Sathyamurthy INDIRA GANDHI's assassination, the eighth Lok Sabha election, the March 1985 elections to the Legislative Assemblies of States covering well over half of the total population of the country, and the budget- taken together

BANGLADESH- Betrayal of Civilian Politics

 BANGLADESH Betrayal of Civilian Politics T V Sathyamurthy WITH the referendum of last March and the announcement of the elections in May 1985 of 460 upazilla councils1 as a prelude to the process of 'civilianisation' of military rule, the stage has been set for yet another repetition of what is by now a familiar pattern of events in Bangladeshi politics. Since the original coup of 1975 which brought Bangladesh's infant parliamentary democracy to an abrupt end, there has been no real return to civilian politics as they are normally understood. The course of Bangladesh politics, over the last decade, seems to have jelled in the form of a cycle in which a coup is followed by a series of invariably violent readjustments within the armed forces involving different groups contending for power, the emergence of a single leader whose capture of the executive power of the state leads to the esablishment of a base for the regime in the form of a new political party, the eventual alienation of the armed forces from the Head of State thus 'civi- lanised' which paves the way for another major coup aimed at a reassertion of the dominance of the military.

OBITUARY- Jitendra Mohan

Mitra has been forced to reduce taxes on motorised two-wheelers, tractors and some machinery because the earlier high rates had pushed the point of sale to neighbouring states with lower tax rates. So he hopes to collect more through a reduction. Similarly, the tax on VCRs has been brought down from Rs 1,000 to Rs 250 in the hope that there will be better compliance. It is doubtful if he will succeed because the Centre's decision to abolish licence fee on TV and VCR will make detection much more difficult.

Centre-State Relations-A Pre-Election Reckoning

Centre-State Relations A Pre-Election Reckoning T V Sathyamurthy EVENTS on the Centre-State relations front since June 1984 acquired an inverted, if not perverted dynamism. Politics by default seems at last to have been supplanted by politics through acts of commission. The final denouement in the Centre's approach to the Punjab question in the form of a military solution, started on June 6, has been followed in July by the dismissal of Farooq Abdullah's National Conference administration in the State of Jam- mu and Kashmir and in August by the dismissal of the Telugu Desam government led by N T Rama Rao in Andhra Pradesh followed by their replacement by Congress(I) supported governments led by dissident factions of the ruling parties of both states. At this rate, the fall of the West Bengal and Tripura governments as well as the Karnataka government must be assumed to be imminent. Viewed in the light of the forthcoming general elections and in the perspective of the Indira Gandhi government of 1980-84 as a whole, these events are bound to acquire a significance far beyond the immediate repercussions that they have evoked in different parts of the country and the different sections of the entire political opposition ranged against the Central ruling party.

Structure of the State in Third World - Report on an Indo-Soviet Symposium

Structure of the State in Third World Report on an Indo-Soviet Symposium T V Sathyamurthy THE question of the character of state power and its relation to a number of mutually related aspects of political economy

CENTRE-STATE RELATIONS-Southern Chief Ministers Meeting

CENTRE-STATE RELATIONS Southern Chief Ministers' Meeting T V Sathyamurthy THE recent meeting in Bangalore of the four non-Congress(I) Chief Ministers of the States of Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu and the Union Territory of Pondicherry (notably, the Congress(l) Chief Minister leading the coalition in Kerala did not accept the invitation) is the latest manifestation of collective impatience on the part of regional politicians with the current state of play of Centre- State relations in India. This is by no means the first meeting of southern Chief Ministers (outside the framework of the Zonal Council) to discuss Centre - State relations. When the Janata coalition was in power at the Centre, the Congress(I) Chief Ministers of the then newly elected governments of Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka, and the AIADMK Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu had met in Hyderabad to discuss problems of mutual interest affecting Centre-State relations.

BANGLADESH-Crisis of Ideology and Nationhood

Crisis of Ideology and Nationhood T V Sathyamurthy AS Bangladesh approaches the eleventh anniversary of national independence, its economy is in the grip of a deepening crisis and its political system is in a state of acute fragmentation. Two important aspects of the general political and economic situation currently prevailing in Bangladesh strike even a casual observer as central to Bangladeshis present predicament. First, despite a strict ban on open politics imposed by the military rulers, there are distinct rumblings of a political nature not far beneath the surface. At the same time, the economy and the day-today administration show visible signs of deterioration as a vast majority of people is struggling to survive under conditions of acute distress everywhere in the country and near famine conditions is certain areas (e g, Dinajpur and Rangpur districts). The recent state visit to India of General Ershad, the Chief Martial Law Administrator, must be seen in the context of an intensification of such a multiple crisis throughout the country.

ZIMBABWE- Two Years of Independence A Report

special invitees who flew in to Gauhati to attend the conference were the BSS chief Balasaheb Deoras, Raj mat a Vijaya Raje Scindia of the BJP, the Maharana of Udaipur, Bhagwat Singh Mewar, the current President of the Vishwa Hindu Parishad, and a host of lesser luminaries. A message from Karan Singh, former Union Minister who could not be present, was read out. The Satradhikars of Assam were present in their full strength. Also among the invitees were tribal leaders like R T Rymbai of Meghalaya and the ageing Naga freedom fighter Rani Guidalo. The VHP is said to have collected Rs 4.8 lakh as donation for the sanmelan, out of which around Rs 3.5 lakh was spent.

Role of China in International Relations

T V Sathyamurthy The complex role that is presently being played by China in international relations has its roots deeply imbedded in Chinese history. Throughout this history, a great deal of importance was attached to Chinn's relationship with the rest of the world; but it was not until the revolutionary movement launched by the Chinese Communist Party in the 1920s that attention was given to the question of the interrelationship between the construction of socialism in China and the role of China in international relations.

Patterns of Inequality

Patterns of Inequality T V Sathyamurthy Inequality between Nations: India and China Compared, 1950-70 by T J Byres and Peter Nolan; Milton Keynes, The Open University

Evading the Crucial Questions

sentatives of opposition parties led by the CPI(M); and this was no more than a prelude to the application of terror and general repression to silence the demands of the aroused workers, peasants and people in other parts of the country; until, at last, even the pretence of adhering to the facade of parliamentary form was unceremoniously ditched in favour of an openly authoritarian form of government in which parliament was perverted into a sort of national puppet theatre and state power in its naked severity was directed against the entirety of the Indian masses.

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