ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Employment in Development: Connection between Indian Strategy and ILO Policy Agenda

Employment is a "soft" subject compared to labour standards - the hard core of the International Labour Organisation's mandate and agenda. The contribution that the agency can make to a member country regarding employment generally takes the form of assistance in developing approaches, strategies and programmes, rather than direct action. As such, it has significantly influenced Indian policy on the subject. On the other hand, the ILO has gained substantially from India's expertise and experience in formulating its own approaches and applying them to employment promotion policies and programmes in other developing countries. The collaboration, mostly in the realm of ideas, has thus been fruitful for both and perhaps for the rest of the world as well.

A Universal Programme Is Feasible

It is feasible to have an employment guarantee programme covering all rural households and offering work to all persons, on all the required days, in all districts right from the beginning at a cost lower than the one being projected for a restricted programme. A universal programme will be closer to the spirit of a guarantee and reduce the bureaucratic problems in administering a restricted programme.

Industrial Spurt in Uttar Pradesh Myth or Reality

February 16, 1985 Industrial Spurt in Uttar Pradesh Myth or Reality? T S Papola Fahimuddin THE proverbially backward and slow growing economy of Uttar Pradesh is believed to have turned the corner during the last few years and the recent official statements and documents go to suggest that it is now poised for fast growth. Two phenomena form the basis of and are referred to as evidence for this optimism. First, the agricultural economy of the eastern part of the state, characterised by low and stagnant yield levels, has experienced a jump in productivity, particularly in the production of wheat. Second, the state which has lagged behind mainly due to its industrial backwardness has experienced a fast growth in the number of large, medium and small industrial units during recent years. Overall, the state is likely to achieve the growth rate targeted in the Sixth Plan. With 1979-80 as base, the growth during the Sixth Plan is estimated to be 7.9 per cent per annum; and even if 1978-79, a very good year, is taken as the base, the average annual growth rate is likely to be about 4.4 per cent. Annual growth rate in agriculture is likely to be 3.2 per cent and in industry 7.4 per cent, with 1978-79 as base.

Dissecting the Informal Sector

Dissecting the Informal Sector T S Papola The Informal Sector in Research: Theory and Practice by J C Breman; Comparative Asian Studies Programme (CASP), Eramus University, Rotterdam, 1980; pp 94.

Some Aspects of Rural Industrialisation

T S Papola V N Misra The rationale for the emphasis on rural industrialisation in the development policy in India lies primarily in the following objective conditions. First, agricultural growth, even if rapid to the extent feasible, is unlikely to be able to provide productive employment to all the labour force in the rural areas. Second, underemployment among even those engaged in agriculture would continue following from the very nature of agricultural activities. Third, the organised industrial sector, mainly concentrated in urban areas, has not been growing fast enough to absorb the growing labour force in the cities, let alone the rural workers migrating to seek work in the urban industrial sector.

Informal Sector Concept and Policy

Informal Sector: Concept and Policy T S Papola A major part of the economy of a developing country consists of small and tiny production organisations run on informal, self-employment basis.

Facts and Fictions on Incomes Policy

 Facts and Fictions on Incomes Policy T S Papola Report of the Study Group on Wages, Incomes and Prices, Government of India, Ministry of Finance, May 1978.

Incomes Policy for India

December 29, 1973 Mahar caste is not due to Ambedkar's particularist attitude. Mast political leaders have shared the same fate in our caste-ridden society. Tilak, in spite of his nationalist appeal, did not get any followers among the non- Brahmin castes in Maharashtra, The situation was more complex in the days of Ambedkar. The Congress entered the elections to the Provincial Legislative Assemblies in 1937 with a view to capturing power at the state level. What was more natural for it than to play one scheduled caste against another to capture the reserved seats. The role of the Congress in alienating the Chambhars from Ambedkar should not be overlooked.

The Exploited Industrial Worker

The Exploited Industrial Worker T S Papola Wages, Mobility and Savings of Workers in India by V B Singh; Lalwani Publishing House, Bombay; pp 212, Rs 28.00.

Structure of a Local Labour Market-A Study in Ahmedabad

A Study in Ahmedabad therefore, involves a serious methodological error; and to conclude, on that basis that the labour market mechanism is non-existent, is to erect a strawman and then demolish him.

Employment by Spending

Employment by Spending IN SPITE of the considerable growth of the various sectors of the economy during the last two decades, all available evidence suggests that the magnitude and intensity of the unemployment problem have increased. The government assigned the task of assessing the extent of unemployment and underemployment and suggesting suitable remedial measures to a Committee in December 1970. The Committee submitted its Interim Report in February 1972. As the sub-title of the Report indicates, the Committee has recommended certain short-term measures for employment. Basic issues likes strategies of development and techniques of production, which are of fundamental importance for a programme of employment generation on a sustained basis, are reported to have come up for consideration before the Committee (as is indicated in the Chairman's letter to the Minister presenting the Report), but they do not find a place in the Interim Report These and other related issues are now being examined by Working Groups of the Committee. While more detailed information and analysis to evolve a fresh approach to the problem would be available to the Committee only after the Reports of these Working Groups arc submitted, the Committee in the meanwhile felt it necessary to submit an Interim Report recommending merely enhancement of expenditure on some of the "labour intensive" programmes of the Fourth Five-Year Plan during the next two years.

Regional Differences in Profitability and Growth-A Comparison between Gujarat and Maharashtra Firms

A Comparison between Gujarat and Maharashtra Firms K K Subrahmanian T S Papola This paper attempts an assessment of the differences among regions in terms of their attributes as economic environment. The purpose is to discover whether there is a 'regional effect' on the growth of manufacturing industries

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