ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Demographic Transition or Demographic Trepidation? The Case of Parsis in India

The Parsi community in India is declining in absolute numbers since 1941. To what extent was this decline affected by enumeration, fertility decline or emigration? This article examines the relative importance of these factors in the light of the 2001 Census and demonstrates that the unprecedentedly low fertility among the Parsis is the prime contributor in its declining population size.

Demography and Quality of Life

Demography and Quality of Life T K ROY Though we highly appreciate the initiative taken and efforts put in by S Irudaya Rajan, and K S James, in bringing out the special EPW issue (February 14, 2004) on NFHS-2 findings, we would like to share with readers our reaction to Rajan and James (p 647) in because we find that some of the data presented are based on serious factual errors and misconceptions.

Social Inequalities in Health and Nutrition in Selected States

While a large number of primary health centres and subcentres have been created as part of the government's 'Health for All' programme, surveys such as NFHS-1 and 2 reveal that health services either do not reach disadvantaged sections or are not accessed by them. This paper assesses the extent of inequalities in health care and nutritional status across states with a focus on caste and tribe. It examines how far these inequalities are a result of caste/tribe per se or whether they can be attributed to differential economic and educational conditions of individuals belonging to different caste/tribe categories.

Has Emigration Influenced Kerala's Living Standards?

The impact of job migration on households across Kerala has its impact on a greater flow of remittances from abroad, which in turn leads to improved living standards and increased consumption levels. More long-term changes, as this paper emphasises, are related to education. Higher educated workers spend more time abroad, while for the women, an increased access to education also leads to improved health indicators - a decline in the overall birth rate and a lowering of infant mortality rates.

, Economic Condition and Fertility

The standard of living or economic status data are not always sufficient to understand the complex mechanism of fertility change. A number of other social factors directly and indirectly influence couples' decisions on family size. Statewise analysis of data shows that only in Punjab is there the expected negative association between living standard and fertility change.
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