ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

Sushil SrivastavaSubscribe to Sushil Srivastava

Situating the Gentoo in History

The rise of Islam in the seventh century and a fear generated by its consequent expansion and continued resurgence in the face of European aggression, exercised a strong hold on the European imagination. The search for a sea route was not merely to seek alternative trade routes to the 'Spice lands'; it was also an exercise, sponsored by the church and royalty to win Christian allies in the hitherto unexplored world for the battle against Islam. Vasco da Gama was followed by several other Europeans - yet the diversity and the rich complexity they enencountered gave rise to varying perceptions. It was the Portuguese who first labelled the native inhabitants - the 'gentoos' or 'gentios' - a term that was used as late as 1774 by the British, to denote this time, the religion of the natives.

Constructing the Hindu Identity-European Moral and Intellectual Adventurism in 18th Century India

European Moral and Intellectual Adventurism in 18th Century India Sushil Srivastava By 1772, the East India Company officials had decided to do away with the facade of the Nawab's rule in Bengal and establish a strong centralized government of the Company which would protect the British interests, In order to secure the implicit obedience of the subject peoples to the 'new order ', the Company officials went about systematically highlighting the 'imagined' inequities the non-Muslims suffered under the Nawab. The judicial powers of the Nawab were the first casualty in the Company's scheme. In its place, the Company declared, it proposed to usher good government by introducing the standards of the British legal system, "tempered by a moderate attention to the brahmanical system of law".
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