ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

Suresh PalSubscribe to Suresh Pal

Agricultural Productivity Growth

This study examines the question of convergence in land and labour productivity in Indian agriculture between 1991 and 2011. The tendency of low-productivity states to catch up with high-productivity states is studied through the unconditional β-convergence approach, and the operation of Galton's fallacy through growthterminal productivity-level regressions. The diminution of variance in productivity levels is tested using the σ-convergence approach and the robustness of the results is tested using alternative test statistics. The results reveal that states are converging in terms of land productivity, but not in terms of labour productivity.

Agricultural R&D Policy and Institutional Reforms: Learning from the Experiences of India and China

There is a paradigm shift in the agricultural research and development policy of developing countries, primarily driven by scarcity of public funds. The countries with a strong research system like India and China have initiated a number of reforms with an objective to diversify the sources of funding and increase research efficiency. Competitive funding, commercialisation of technologies, strengthened intellectual property rights, facilitating regulations and flexible extension approach are some of the major reforms undertaken. This paper examines the outcomes of these reforms and draws lessons for other developing countries.

Intellectual Property Rights in Plant Breeding and Biotechnology

The enactment of Intellectual Property Rights legislation and its enforcement are two distinct tasks, and the latter requires development of institutional capacity. The impact of IPRs should be seen in conjunction with economic policies and other regulations like seed and biosafety rules, which are also important for the growth and diversification of the Indian seed industry. This paper examines the implications of the Protection of Plant Varieties and Farmers' Rights Act of 2001. The expected impacts on plant breeding priorities, relations of public research with private seed companies and farmers, transfer of technologies by multinationals and seed prices are also discussed. It suggests that the public sector should learn to manage its IPRs to strike a balance between the efficiency and equity objectives.

Growing Vegetables

While ongoing research programmes on vegetables are addressing many emerging challenges, there is wide scope for innovative improvements and a sharper focus on vegetable processing, value addition and quality control. Issues of food safety, particularly because of the growing trend of using sewage water in peri-urban areas for vegetable cultivation need to be examined carefully.

Contributions of Agricultural Research

Agricultural research, over the last five decades has contributed significantly to higher productivity and expansion of area under cultivation.

Impact of Agricultural Research

Agricultural research in India has been thus far the domain of the public sector. The large number of improved technologies developed have contributed significantly to higher growth in the agricultural and non-agricultural sector. Report of workshop of impact of research investment in agriculture.
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