ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Writing about Hindu-Muslim Riots in India Today Gyanendra Pandey The dominant nationalist historiography that insists on the totalising standpoint of a seamless nationalism needs to be challenged not only because of its interested use of categories such as 'national' and 'secular' but also because of its privileging of the so-called 'general' over the particular, the larger over the smaller, the 'mainstream' over the 'marginal

Rural Poverty and Its Alleviation in India-A Critical Scrutiny

Rural Poverty and Its Alleviation in India A Critical Scrutiny Suresh D Tendulkar L R Jain IN Section II of their paper [6], Kakwani- Subbarao (K-S for short hereafter) examine the 'trends in inequality and poverty' using the four time-points of National Sample Survey, namely, 1972-73 (27th round), 1973-74 (28th round), 1977-78 (32nd round) and 1983 (38th round). The survey periods covered by these rounds are given in column (2) of Table 1. Their major conclusion is as follows:

Financing the Step-up in Plan Investment-Administered Price Hikes or Increased Deficit Financing

Financing the Step-up in Plan Investment Administered Price Hikes or Increased Deficit Financing?
K Sundaram Suresh D Tendulkar In the context of financing a step-up in Central public sector investment expenditure in the Union Budget for 1986-87, the Finance Minister posed the choice between increased deficit financing and raising administered prices. He revealed his preference for the latter option.

The Union Budget, 1985-86-An Appraisal

The Union Budget, 1985-86 An Appraisal K Sundaram Suresh D Tendulkar K Krishnamurty The Union Budget for 1985-86 signals a distinct break with the past on three counts: (a) it implies a shift in the ex-ante composition of investment away from the public sector and towards private corporate sector; (b) the incentives offered in the Budget are neutral as regards the choice between consumption and savings; and (c) the fiscal concessions aim at transferring the transactions from the so-called black or the unaccounted segment to the white or accounted segment of the economy. These are all indicative of a significant change in the perceptions of the policy-makers regarding the mainsprings of the Indian growth process.

Poverty in the Mid-Term Appraisal

Poverty in the Mid-Term Appraisal K Sundaram Suresh D Tendulkar Progressive reduction in the incidence of poverty is one of the major objectives of the Sixth Five-Year Plan. In his foreword to the Mid-Term Appraisal of the Plan, which was placed before the Parliament in August, the Minister of Planning claims: "A close and detailed evaluation has been made of the performance so far and the prospects for the remaining years of the Plan!' This paper argues that this claim is not at all valid with reference to the poverty reduction objective. On the contrary, the assessment in this connection for the first two years of the Plan is extremely brief and unclear and is marked by utter casualness to the point of being misleading. And there is absolutely no discussion of the prospects for the remaining years of the Plan. Parliament and the nation, it appears, have been taken for a ride.

Planning Process, Planning Commission and Rollover Planning

Introduction THE planning process in India has been under suspended animation since the middle 1960s. The early 1970s saw the ascendancy of reckless populist slogan-mongering without any serious planning efforts. This was continued during the nineteen months of Emergency under the ad hoc and superficial Twenty and Five point programmes which ironically came to dictate the planning process. In more recent times, after the dramatic political changeover in March 1977, the reconstituted Planning Commission was announced under the cloud of the rumour that the Planning Commission was being wound up. Then appeared the news item regarding the reported move "to put the Planning Commission in its place'' by transferring the functions of annual plan formulation and project appraisal from the Planning Commission to the Finance Ministry. This has been followed by the latest and apparently casual announcement of the change in the basic method of planning from the 'fixed' five-year plan to the 'rolling' five-year plan with an annual review period, The piecemeal and often contradictory pronouncements regarding the operational implications of the new method emanating from the Planning Commission have added further to the prevailing confusion regarding the role of the planning process, the role of the Planning Commission and the rollover method of planning. The present paper seeks to raise some substantive issues in this connection and attempts to argue three major points :


significant but its inclusion can be seen to strengthen my conclusion of inconsistency. Thus, the omissions N-M point out from the definition of GDP adopted by me are either not correct, or, in one case, strengthen my conclusions.

Draft Fifth Plan and Removal of Poverty

This article seeks to examine the credibility of the Draft Fifth Five-Year Plan in the context of the basic objective of removal of poverty. This has been done in terms of the Planning Commission's own pronouncements on the subject.

Planning for Growth, Redistribution and Self-Reliance in the Fifth Five-Year Plan

An average annual growth rate of gross domestic product of 55 per cent, self-reliance and redistribution of consumption for the removal of poverty over the Plan period were the three accepted objectives of the Fifth Five-Year Plan as enunciated in the Approach to the Plan. The details of the planning model underlying the Approach document were supplied in a Technical Note that was circulated to the panel of economists in April 1973. The same planning model (with a change in the price base from 1971- 72 to 1972-73) is said to form the basis of the Draft Fifth Five-Year Plan released recently. The objective of this paper, the first part of which was published last week, is to evaluate the planning model under- lying the Approach document.


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