ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

Suresh Chand AggarwalSubscribe to Suresh Chand Aggarwal

Labour Quality in Indian Manufacturing

This paper provides the educational composition of manufacturing workers in 18 states of India during the last four NSSO rounds on employment and unemployment, covering the period 1983 to 1999-2000. It finds that manufacturing workers are more literate today than they were in 1983. It also presents a labour quality index based on the Jorgenson, Gallop, and Fraumeni methodology for both the rural and urban sectors of the states. The labour quality indices show that quality changes have been quite slow and there is a lot of variation among states in both the rural and urban sectors. The association of the labour quality index with the state's characteristics is found to be weak, but the urban labour quality index has stronger links with the human development index of the states, urban poverty ratio of the state, number of ITIs, and the intensity of industrialisation.

Child Labour and Household Characteristics in Selected States

There exists considerable variation in India in the age, sector and sexwise distribution of child labour. This paper delineates the magnitude of child labour and household characteristics in the four selected states of study. The analysis shows, among other things, that poverty and illiteracy have a bearing on child labour. A policy is needed to make education more meaningful and rewarding so that households are incentivised to send their children to school and keep them there. Measures aimed at poverty reduction and physical and social infrastructure development may also help reduce child labour.

Patterns of Consumption and Poverty in Delhi Slums

This study aims to determine the extent of poverty in Delhi slums through consumption patterns, employment and educational status of the slum population. The study brings out significant social and economic aspects of the people living in Delhi's slums, including low level of education of the migrants, gender disparity in economic status, and significant number of households below the poverty line. The results emphasise the need for a positive employment generation policy among urban slum dwellers. There is also a need to generate employment and provide facilities at the origin of migration in order to check the influx into Delhi.
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