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Social Technology A New Factor in Development

Development Surendra J Patel In discussions on growth, exclusive attention has been given to the visible physical inputs. The invisible technological inputs embodied in human skills were disregarded. Contribution of skills to growth was thereby ignored. Since both physical capital and social inputs embody different forms of technology it is appropriate to call these two motive forces of technological transformation physical and social technology. This essay is devoted to a discussion on the role of social technology.

The South and GATT Negotiations on Service Sector

The South and GATT Negotiations on Service Sector Surendra J Patel A review of the major characteristics of the service sector and the issues which are central to the future of North-South relations in this area.

Growing Regional Inequalities in Gujarat

Surendra J Patel There are two Gujarats: one, the developed industrial belt from Gandhinagar to Vapi; and the other, the poor, agricultural parts of the State consisting of Saurashtra, Kachch and the north-eastern, eastern and southern districts.

PERSPECTIVES

Writing about Hindu-Muslim Riots in India Today Gyanendra Pandey The dominant nationalist historiography that insists on the totalising standpoint of a seamless nationalism needs to be challenged not only because of its interested use of categories such as 'national' and 'secular' but also because of its privileging of the so-called 'general' over the particular, the larger over the smaller, the 'mainstream' over the 'marginal

Intellectual Property Rights in the Uruguay round-A Disaster for the South

Intellectual Property Rights in the Uruguay Round A Disaster for the South? Surendra J Patel The negotiations on intellectual property rights going on in GATT since 1987 profoundly affect the prospects of techndlogical transformation of the developing countries. This paper examines the negotiating mandate of the Uruguay Round and its implications; the intellectual property system, particularly the role of patents as they affect developments in the third world; the genesis of the Paris Convention; and the various initiatives taken by third world countries to loosen the constraints imposed by the unbalanced and inequitable operation of the in- dustrial property rights system. The implications of the proposals submitted by the developed countries in the GATT are discussed against this background.

Main Elements in Shaping Future Technology

Main Elements in Shaping Future Technology Policies for India Surendra J Patel This article attempts to trace the evolution of major technology parameters since the First Five-Year Plan, It draws lessons from the past experience, with special attention to nuclear energy, defence and space where considerable success has been achieved and the industrial sector where the record of failure is all too obvious. It concludes by focusing upon the main directions of future policies.

1850-1875 The Great Divide in Industrial Development

Development Surendra J Patel In order to appreciate the full sweep of industrial development since the innovation of the steam engine, it is important to seek answers to some of the following questions: when did the world's first industrial country emerge? How did the industrial system spread to other countries in the subsequent period? How large were the differences in the real per capita incomes between the pioneer industrial countries and what are now called the Third World countries? At what rate and over how long a period did the economic distance between these two areas grow? These questions are pertinent to assessing the prospects for several of the Third World countries catching up with the industrial pioneers. This essay attempts to examine these questions.

On Economic Crisis and the Transition from Capitalism

from Capitalism Surendra J Patel IN a review article of my paper 'Economic Crisis and Transition from Capitalism' (EPW, March 29, 1986), Paresh Chatto- padhyay has raised several critical questions concerning the transition from capitalism ('On Economic Crisis and Transition from Capitalism: A Marxian Approach', EPW, September 6, 1986).1 This note is a response to the three issues take. up by him: (1) categorisation of 'economic formation' and of transitional economic formation'; (2) treatment of 'Socialism' particularly with reference to the USSR; and (3) approach to the question of 'economic crisis' in relation to what I had characterised as 'socialist countries'.

Technological Transformation of the North-Lessons for the South

Technological Transformation of the North Lessons for the South Surendra J Patel This paper traces the main landmarks in the momentous transformation of the industrial centre over the last hundred years and argues that some of the lessons of this transformation can serve as helpful guidelines to the third world countries as they search for new ways towards their rightful place on the world scene.

Economic Crisis and the Transition from Capitalism

Economic Crisis and the Transition from Capitalism Surendra J Patel The current economic crisis, a slowing down of the world economy, is building up highly disruptive pressures at the most vulnerable points, particularly the Third World countries. Its epicentre is in the capitalist countries, which have not surmounted the two-century long periodic occurrence of long (Kondratiev), medium (Juglar) and short-term (Kitchin) cycles, often ending in serious crises.

India s Regression in the World Economy

SINCE Independence India has made notable progress in its development. Visitors from distant lands, particularly from the Third World, have come to our country and admired our advance This is not just a compliment for our hospitality. In many ways, the developing countries see in our advance the main lines of the hopes they have for their future.

Educational Miracle in Third World, 1950 to 1981

Educational 'Miracle' in Third World, 1950 to 1981 Surendra J Patel This paper aims to survey how far the Third World countries have succeeded, at least in quantitative terms, in their ambitious plans to improve rapidly their skill profiles over the last thirty years. The picture is general and will obviously not apply to all countries of the Third World.

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