ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

Suranjit K SahaSubscribe to Suranjit K Saha

Early State Formation in Tribal Areas of East-Central India

Early State Formation in Tribal Areas of East-Central India Suranjit K Saha This paper examines the processes through which the states emerged from within the tribal societies of the mountain and forest regions of east-central India over a long period from 450 to 1320 AD. It finds that the classical Hindu states to the north, particularly the Gupta empire, did indeed provide the principal ideological role model for the rise of those local and regional states, hut that the latter were in the main home grown political structures built by autochthonous leaders from below upwards. These highland states also appear to have played a crucial historical role in the gradual fusion of the lineage based local societies into a subcontinent wide pan-Indian society. In conclusion, the paper argues that an adequate understanding of the current tribal situation in the macro-region, and indeed in the rest of India, would require an understanding of the spatially differentiated processes of political and material development rooted deep in its history. At the core of that understanding must lie the realisation that India has been built from below upwards.

Uneven Development of Engineering Companies in India-Spatial Dimension of Competitive Advantage

Companies in India Spatial Dimension of Competitive Advantage Suranjit K Saha This paper examines the spatial dynamics of the process of industrialisation in India. The engineering sector is regarded as the propulsive force at the core of this process and the focus of analysis here is, therefore, on the profile of development and the changing spatial configuration of the public limited companies in that sector The theme is addressed within the framework of the discourse on the competitive advantages of industry.

Role of Industrialisation in Development of Sub-Saharan Africa-A Critique of World Bank s Approach

Role of Industrialisation in Development of Sub-Saharan Africa A Critique of World Bank's Approach Suranjit K Saha Sub-Saharan Africa is the least industrialised of the world's macro-regions. Two recent World Bank reports have proposed programmes of economic expansion based mainly on the export of agricultural and mineral staples. This paper argues that such an approach can only deepen the crisis the continent is currently facing. It presents a case for an alternative people-related programme of development of which industrialisation will have to be a crucial component. At the core of this case is the premise that without manufacturing industries Africa's national economies cannot begin to effectively control and utilise their resources for meeting the needs of their populations. However, in order to develop indigenous manufacturing capabilities, African countries need access to technology which can be better achieved through South-South economic collaboration than through exclusive dependence on the OECD countries. Obstacles to this course of action lie mainly in the realm of politics.
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