ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

Articles by Supriya Roy ChowdhurySubscribe to Supriya Roy Chowdhury

Migration, Skilling, and Employment in Bengaluru’s New Service Economy

This paper summarises the key findings of an extensive research study recently completed in the Bengaluru and Raichur districts of Karnataka. Against the backdrop of the Skill India policy, the research focused on skill development centres that mobilise rural youth to undergo training and facilitate their entry into the lower rungs of the new service economy. While the organised services account for an increasing share of urban employment, the study found that such jobs are unlikely to lead to economic or social mobility. Instead, low wages, insecure tenure, and economic hardships in the city push service workers to switch jobs or return to their villages. The unregulated and precarious nature of work in organised services creates a fluid and unstable workforce, thus raising questions about the hegemonic skills paradigm and India’s development trajectory.

Industrial Restructuring, Unions and the State-Textile Mill Workers in Ahmedabad

Organised labour in India is generally believed to have an edge over other groups in collective bargaining strength, in its access to political power holders who determine the scale and allocation of social security. However, sections of organised labour too are being pushed out of the formal sector of the economy in the process of industrial restructuring. This is what happened in the case of textile workers in Ahmedabad who lost their jobs in 1984-94 as a consequence of the widespread closure of mills, in the context of declining employment opportunities in Gujarat.
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