ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Economists and Public Policy in a Globalised World

Economic Theory and Policy Amidst Global Discontent edited by Ananya Ghosh Dastidar, Rajeev Malhotra and Vivek Suneja, London: Routledge, 2018; pp xvi+463, ₹ 995.

What Is Happening to India’s R&D Funding?

India’s science and technology policies advocate increased investment in research and development. However, in 2017–18, the tax incentive for company expenditure on R&D was reduced. This is likely to have major ramifications for R&D at a time when India’s domestic research effort is already in decline.

New IPR Policy 2016

A critique of the new Intellectual Property Rights Policy 2016, designed to strengthen India's IPR regime "to foster creativity and innovation," indicates that it has put the interests of intellectual property owners, or global capital above that of public. Though some measures delineated in the policy are laudable, it is clear that the policy objectives are not evidence-based and are tailor-made to suit the requirements of the Western governments.

Is the Government Justified in Reducing R&D Tax Incentives?

A vast majority of studies assessing the impact of R&D tax incentives provided across the world conclude that such tax incentives spur investments. However, in India only a limited number of fi rms, especially small and medium ones, have actually been taking advantage of the state’s fi scal generosity.

Diffusion of Broadband Internet in India

India has one of the lowest diffusion rates for broadband among the Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa grouping, or BRICS. India has also been very slow in terms of the diffusion of mobile phone services. While it took only five years for mobile phone services to reach a diffusion rate of 75%, after 10 years the diffusion rate of broadband has not even reached 10%. In this context, this study attempts to measure the rate of diffusion of broadband in the country, identifies the factors that determine its adoption at the subscriber level, and discusses the policy challenges for hastening the diffusion rate.

Development through Manufacturing

Pathways to Industrialization in the Twentyfirst Century: New Challenges and Emerging Paradigms edited by Adam Szirmai, Wim Naudé and Ludovico Alcorta, UNU-WIDER Studies in Development Economics, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2013; pp xxi +443, £ 60.

Emergence of India as the World Leader in Computer and Information Services

The paper analyses the changing leadership in computer and information services exports in the world. Leadership, measured in terms of export shares, appears to have moved from the United States, United Kingdom and Germany to Ireland and then to India. India has been trying to maintain her leadership through improvements in technological capability and in the process has also become a base for multinationals to set up operations. These multinationals have been increasing their innovative ctivities in India as revealed through increased patenting, and domestic Indian enterprises have followed, although very slowly, in improving their technological capability. Two conclusions can be drawn. Leadership in CIS is basically a function of the availability of highly trained software engineers. But the sustainability of leadership depends on whether the industry is domestic or foreign owned. The paper analyses the changing leadership in computer and information services exports in the world. Leadership, measured in terms of export shares, appears to have moved from the United States, United Kingdom and Germany to Ireland and then to India. India has been trying to maintain her leadership through improvements in technological capability and in the process has also become a base for multinationals to set up operations. These multinationals have been increasing their innovative activities in India as revealed through increased patenting, and domestic Indian enterprises have followed, although very slowly, in improving their technological capability. Two conclusions can be drawn. Leadership in CIS is basically a function of the availability of highly trained software engineers. But the sustainability of leadership depends on whether the industry is domestic or foreign owned.

Doesn't India Already Have an IPR Policy?

The National Democratic Alliance government has constituted the IPR Think Tank which, among other things, is to draft the National Intellectual Property Rights Policy. India may not have a policy per se but it has a strong legislation on IPRs, a functioning patents office and mechanisms to grant patents as well as protect consumer interests. The Think Tank has other issues it needs to address, but is this talk of drafting an IPR policy the thin end of a wedge to dilute existing legislation?

Response

We seek to clarify or respond to the various points raised by Parveen Arora (PA). Evolution of India’s NSI: Contrary to PA, we have sourced this data from Table 1 of “R&D Statistics Tables” which are on the website of NSTMIS. For us the business enterprise sector is akin to the private sector...

Evidence-based Policymaking

Looking into India's research and development figures for 2011-12, this article points out that four issues stand out in a systematic analysis of the data. These are the national system of innovation moving closer to the business enterprise sector; the private sector's share of R&D in the agricultural sector increasing; R&D in the research councils having very little interaction with the production sector; and the quantity of human resources engaged in R&D.

Late Industrial Revolution in India

India's Late, Late Industrial Revolution: Democratizing Entrepreneurship by Sumit K Majumdar (New Delhi: Cambridge University Press), 2012; pp xxv + 426, Rs 895.

The Science Technology and Innovation Policy 2013

The new Science, Technology and Innovation Policy of 2013 makes all the right noises, but how do we know that it will not go the way of the 2003 policy when it comes to implementation? There are indeed some interesting ideas in STIP 2013 but none show that they have been thought through.

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