ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

Sumit GuhaSubscribe to Sumit Guha

States, Tribes, Castes

This paper begins by pointing out that the way the term "tribe" is used in Indian sociology and political discourse does not fit the observed characteristics of the peoples labelled such in any part of the world. It then reconsiders the long history of social categories across the Indian subcontinent to develop a new model of dominant landed community that would apply across all its regions and faiths. In conclusion, it suggests some new terms that might replace tribe in Indian social thought.

Cultural and Religious Pluralism in India and the US

As culture and religion often overlap, they can and do become central forces in shaping politics and society. A seminar in Calcutta on Cultural and Religious Pluralism in India and the US brought that out as a cross-cultural insight for the study of the two countries.

Labour-Exploitation Ratio as a Measure of Peasant Differentiation-Its Fundamental Fallacy

Labour-Exploitation Ratio as a Measure of Peasant Differentiation Its Fundamental Fallacy If size of Iandholding is unsatisfactory as index of peasant class status in a situation of institutional and technical change, the same is true of the labour-exploitation criterion proposed as an alternative.

Labour Intensity in Indian Agriculture, 1880-1970-Some Findings

Some Findings This paper seeks to provide a long-term perspective on changes in labour intensity in Indian agriculture. It uses farm-level data from four periods commencing with the 1880s in order to study the variations in labour used for different crops. The evidence suggests that agriculturally progressive areas showed declines in labour intensity by the 1950s, while increases are observable elsewhere. Decreases predominate in the next two decades.

Rise and Fall of Laissez Faire

Rise and Fall of Laissez Faire Sumit Guha The State and the Market: Studies in the Economic and Social History of the Third World edited by Clive Dewey; Manohar, New Delhi 1987;

Commodity and Credit in Upland Maharashtra, 1800-1950

Maharashtra, 1800-1950 Sumit Guha A particular structure of commodity production arose as a consequence of tax-demands in late eighteenth century Maharashtra and generated a need for credit without which production and, consequently, both the productive and the unproductive classes would suffer. A flow of credit did result as a result. The real change came when another market came into operation; that in land. Now an additional, and tangible, security was available, and the moneylender could reduce his costs and extend his operations by relying on it.

Labour Legislation and Working Class Movement

In his article (Special Number, November 1981) Dick Kooiman has argued that the chief explanation for the weak and disorganized condition of the Bombay working class movement in the period 1934-37 was "the institution of the labour officer", which by appropriating the main function of the unions, prevented them from gaining strength. But even a vestigial acquaintance with the history of the Bombay workers' movement suffices to disprove this.
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