ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

Articles By Sujit Kumar Mishra

Combating the Twin Effects of Amphan and COVID-19 in Odisha: Understanding Coping Capacities and Strengthening Mechanisms

Odisha is currently coping with the onslaught of the COVID-19 pandemic and the aftermath of supercyclone Amphan. This double occurrence is the first such experience for the state. Dealing with the twin challenges of managing both the events is extremely complex. We know that the structural and non-structural disaster preparedness of Odisha is regarded as sound when compared with other states in India. However, the co-occurrence of COVID-19 and Amphan was disastrous for the people of Odisha, who largely live in its rural areas. Therefore, a broader policy context needs to be worked upon, after identifying the overlapping impact emerging from the twin disasters. This would aid in understanding the adaptation in the decision-making process as well as in identifying the interventions required at different levels.

 

Mine Closures and the Issue of Livelihood

Mining communities are the worst affected by mine closures since they derive their livelihood directly or indirectly from the industry. In order to analyse the shift in the livelihoods of people during and after mining operations, different stakeholders of Hindustan Zinc Limited in Sargipali, Odisha across 24 mining villages were interviewed, and additional evidence was taken from documents and reports. A grim picture emerges, owing to the lack of a sustainable mine closure plan or transparency between the planners and the villagers.