ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Work and Workers in Mumbai, 1930s-90s-Changing Profile, Enduring Problems

held in December 1992 in Mumbai, out. of which came the two volumes, Bombay; Metaphor for Modern India and Bombay Mosaic of Modern Culture (OUP, 1995), Alice Thorner, Sujata Patel and Darryl D'Monte convened in late November 1997, a second seminar more specifically centred on labour and labourers in the city. The aim put forward' by the convenors was to throw light on the factors social and political as well as economic which had transformed the conditions of work and of daily life for the bulk of the population over the previous, half century.

Ecology and Development

The current discourse on the relationship between ecology and development has not as yet taken coherent shape within the discipline of sociology. Part of the problem lies in the tensions between the conventional and emerging definitions of ecology and development. Overcoming the etymological confusion by attempting to understand the interrelationship in and through the experience of communities may help in the contouring of a sub-discipline of environmental sociology.

Changing India Capitalism s Unpretty Face

Changing India: Capitalism's Unpretty Face Sujata Patel Beyond Patronage and Exploitation: Changing Agrarian Relations in South Gujarat by Jan Breman; Oxford University Press, Delhi, 1993; pp xxiv + 399,

Gender and Kinship in Sri Lanka

Soviet Union had imposed on the Security Council. Measures like the "Uniting for Peace Resolution", which was used for organising the UN action in Korea, were a part of this strategy.

Repeating Old Arguments

Sujata Patel Capitalism and Class in Colonial India: The Case of Ahmedabad by Salim Lakha; Sterling Publishers, New Delhi, 1988; pp x + 199, Rs 125.

Women s Spaces within Mass Struggle

Sujata Patel A Space within the Struggle: Women's Participation in People's Move- ment edited by Ilina Sen, New Delhi, Kali For Women, 1990; pp 275, Rs 160.

Baliapal Agitation Leadership Crisis

minister's Economic Advisory Committee also have not found adequate reflection in the statement of industrial policy presented to parliament. The planners in particular are emphatic that there is a crying need for strengthening non-discretionary but socially purposeful and effective regulatory mechanisms to protect and promote the development process on sound and equitable lines. The Planning Commission has also raised in its Approach paper doubts about the policy of liberalisation pursued in the eighties. But the union industry ministry is known to be a strong votary of liberalisation for domestic industry and open door for foreign capital The industry minister, Ajit Singh, would thus appear to have been in a hurry to come forth with an industrial policy statement but without coming to grips with larger socio-economic issues. Given the absence of necessary understanding and rapport within the NF government, especially between the union industry minister and the Planning Commission, it obviously has not been possible to formulate and present a full and proper industrial policy statement. Ajit Singh has chosen to rush with presenting a truncated statement which is not likely to serve the useful or positive purpose of promoting industrial enterprise on economically sound and socially meaningful lines. It may actually do harm in so far it may be taken as a signal in favour of industrial activity which should not receive priority. The question of socioeconomic priorities has been totally sidestepped in the industry ministry's policy statement.

Muslim Business Communities

issue of this journal dated September 30, 1989) is that while we cannot say an absolute 'no' to big-dam projects, we have to be extremely selective and cautious about approving such projects, and treat them not as preferred choices but as projects of the last resort. Dhawan may disagree with that view, but one would have liked to sec a greater awareness on his part of the complexities involved in this matter.

Agni, Cyclone and Baliapal Agitation

The successful firing of the Agni missile and the havoc wrought by the cyclone which hit the Orissa coast towards the end of May will profoundly affect the people's agitation against the location of the National Test Range at Baliapal, especially as these events have occurred at a time when the agitation is already in the throes of a political crisis.

Baliapal Agitation-Socio-Economic Background

The sustained nature of the agitation against the National Test Range in Baliapal as well as its militancy is to a large extent due to the mass involvement of the people, including the poorer sections. This participation of all sections can in part be explained by the commercialisation of agriculture which has yielded benefits for the rich as well as the poorer classes.

Small Scale Industrialisation in South Gujarat

rapid expansion in paddy cultivation with the aid of tubewell water has not been viewed with approval by many persons, including this reviewer. While Dhillon has raised this issue of optimal crop pattern under irrigated conditions, he has given it an entirely different direction, namely, the desirability of mono cropping under each canal outlet/ distributory for a more efficient scheduling of water release in a canal system. This idea of uniform cropping pattern is not favoured by R S Gill, who draws attention to varied factors that go into the determination of crop pattern by a farmer.

Legitimacy Crisis and Growing Authoritarianism

wards it was found that as many as 50 were captured by the Shiv Sena. The Con- gress(I) took 10, the BJP captured three, two were taken by the Janata Party and two by other major parties.

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