ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

Subhashree BanerjeeSubscribe to RSS - Subhashree Banerjee

A Village in the Midst of a Forest Ecosystem

Settled villages on the fringes of a national park earn their livelihood not only from collecting forest produce but also from agriculture within the forest ecosystem. However, this relationship between the settlers and the forest is constantly mediated by institutions such as the state and the market. The settlers have to contend with risks of rain-fed agriculture, depredations from wild animals, and also with the forest establishment, which is mostly hostile to cultivation. This article attempts to show the complex relationship between the forest and the people living in it.

The Tragedy of Fishing Communities: A Story from Vetka Village, Odisha

The case study of Vetka village in the Bhitarkanika Wildlife Sanctuary demonstrates how resident households practise occupational diversity to overcome the loss of their primary occupation of fishing and dependence on forest products, both banned by the forest department in the eco-sensitive zone.

Livelihoods, Conservation and the Forest Rights Act in a National Park

National parks have been instituted in India to take care of ecosystems rich in biodiversity, and to protect them from human intervention. This has led to many conflicts between the local communities and the state. To address these issues, the state has enacted laws such as the Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act in favour of local communities. However, the purpose of national parks and the FRA seems to be in contradiction. We analyse existing acts and regulations being implemented by the state in Bhitarkanika National Park in Odisha and try to understand their relevance when compared with the ground reality, based on our villagelevel investigations in the Bhitarkanika ecosystem.

Surviving on the Brink

An ecosystem helps or hinders the livelihood of the people depending on it. Satabhaya is a village in the coastal belt of Odisha of Bhitarkanika National Park which depends heavily on the forest ecosystem for survival and at the same time the ecosystem is engulfing the village to the point of extinction. This article describes how they struggle to survive in this fragile ecosystem.
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