ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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UKRAINE-New Constitution Enshrines Right to Property

per cent) belong to SC category, 166 (46.89 percent) belong to OBC and there remaining 40 percent belong to the other communities including the ones who have not specified their caste. Of the total 354 workers 62 percent were employed in two major public sector units; Hindustan Shipyard and Port Trust. This shows clearly that majority of the affected workers belong to socially disadvantaged groups of SC and OBC in the PSUs Though the representation of these communities in the existing employment structure does not reflect their proportion in population or the 50 percent reservation quota, the retrenched VRS and sick unit workers are found to be more in proportion to the workers in the units due to the NIP. In their personal interview, workers informed that most of them were receiving a salary in the range of Rs 1,500 to Rs 5,000 per month at the time of VRS. As Table 4 shows 85 per cent of the workers have more than one dependent in their fami- lies; 73percent of SC workers' families have more than two dependents and 62 per cent of the OBC workers' families have similar status. Some of these dependents do not have sufficient educational background, making the VRS families among SC and OBC groups vulnerable to deprivation and destitution. The assistance offered to these VRS families is of limited use as most of them are past their prime and are not in a condition to pursue any wage employment. Further, most of them utilise the VRS money for marriage of their daughters or for getting education or employement in organised sector for their sons by offering bribes. Therefore, the NRF scheme hardly affords thema little investment required for self-employment.

CZECH REPUBLIC-Miracle of Low Unemploymen

'Miracle' of Low Unemployment? Stephen Steiger The rapid expansion of tertiary sector may well be for keeping a low unemployment rate in the Czech republic even after six years of restructuring.

CZECH REPUBLIC-Problems of Voucher Privatisation

Problems of 'Voucher Privatisation' Stephen Steiger * Voucher privatisation of state enterprises has failed to deal with the problem of the marginalisation of the ownership Junction which had taken place under socialism.

Czech Trade Unions under Pressure

The newly emerging business class in Czechoslovakia is trying hard to push back the trade unions, claiming total freedom for the owners of the enterprises.

Czechoslovakia Political Crisis and Economic Reform

Economic Reform Stephen Steiger Czechoslovakia is not at a crossroads. It has crossed the point of no return. But no one can see beyond summer. The result of the elections may increase the difficulties of both the Czechs and the Slovaks. But looking farther into the future the greater danger is posed by the continuing recession in the west which could hurt the newly emerging market economy of the country EVEN as the elections scheduled for June 5 and 6 approach the Czech and Slovak Federal Republic presents the pic- ture of a hung state, unable to make any headway with regard to future arrangements. Representatives of both the republics

Czechoslovakia Political Crisis and Economic Reform

Economic Reform Stephen Steiger Czechoslovakia is not at a crossroads. It has crossed the point of no return. But no one can see beyond summer. The result of the elections may increase the difficulties of both the Czechs and the Slovaks. But looking farther into the future the greater danger is posed by the continuing recession in the west which could hurt the newly emerging market economy of the country EVEN as the elections scheduled for June 5 and 6 approach the Czech and Slovak Federal Republic presents the pic- ture of a hung state, unable to make any headway with regard to future arrangements. Representatives of both the republics
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