ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

Articles By Srijit Mishra

Growth and Decomposition of Nutri-cereals in India (1960–61 to 2019–20)

The decline in production growth for nutri-cereals was observed since the 1990s, and the decline for the same in terms of area growth was observed since the 1970s. With the United Nations adopting 2023 as the International Year of Millets, more needs to be done for these hitherto neglected, nutritionally benefi cial, and climate-resilient crops.

Scale Neutrality in Indian Agriculture

Marginal and small farm sizes constitute more than 85% of the operational holdings in India. Several concerns regarding the sustainability, efficiency, access to formal sources of credit and the scale neutrality of such credit plague the smallholders. This study finds that the smallholders are efficient but the returns to them are woefully low, which threatens their sustainability. Further, the smallholders have to rely more on non-institutional sources for their credit requirement and often with a greater interest burden. In addition, the credit provided by formal sources is not scale-neutral. This posits a difficulty for policy praxis, which must urgently address these issues plaguing the smallholders.

Green, but Not So Green

The pandemic, the climate crisis, and crisis in agriculture call for sustainable solutions, which are acknowledged by NITI Aayog, but did not find a thrust in the budget. A positive growth in agriculture during the pandemic shows its resilience, but it is intriguing that food inflation remained high and its possible link with the three farm produce laws should not be overlooked. It is worrying that crop loans for input-intensive production are non-serviceable.


Farmers' Suicides in Maharashtra

An agrarian crisis has precipitated a spate of suicides in Maharashtra. The suicide mortality rate for farmers in the state has increased from 15 in 1995 to 57 in 2004. The rain-dependent cotton growing farmers of Vidarbha are faced with declining profitability because of dumping in the global market by the US, low import tariffs, failure of the Monopoly Cotton Procurement Scheme and withdrawal of the state (resulting in declining public investment in agriculture, poor government agriculture extension services and the diminishing role of formal credit institutions). The farmer now depends on the input dealer for advice, leading to supplier-induced demand, and on informal sources of credit, which result in a greater interest burden. In short, the farmer is faced with yield, price, credit, income and weather uncertainties. The way out is to merge bold public policy initiatives with civil society engagement.

Suicide Mortality Rates across States of India, 1975-2001

States of India, 1975-2001 A Statistical Note SRIJIT MISHRA Suicide data in India is compiled through police records. This is available in an annual publication Accidental Deaths and Suicides in India, National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB), ministry of home affairs, New Delhi. A time series data for suicides across states by sex was compiled from this data for the period 1975 to 2001.1 To make comparison possible, the number of suicides has to be normalised with the population for the age group 5+ years, as suicide is medically not defined for the age group 0-4 years. Using population data for census years, the inter-censal population has been interpolated and adjusted for sub-group consistency. For instance, 1971 and 1981 Censuses were used to interpolate from 1972 to 1980 and similarly for 1981-1991 and 1991-2001. This has been done in the following manner.