ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

Articles by Sonal ShuklaSubscribe to Sonal Shukla

Ila Pathak (1933-2014)

In the passing away of Ila Pathak on 9 January in Ahmedabad, Gujarat has lost a dedicated social activist who stood by the excluded sections of society, especially brutalised women.

Cultivating Minds-19th Century Gujarati Women s Journals

19th Century Gujarati Women's Journals Sonal Shukla Social reformers and cultural revivalists in the 19th century and nationalists in the early decades of this century published journals for women in Gujarati with a view to 'educating' them and preparing them for the roles they expected women to play in their scheme of things. This article examines and analyses the content and style of StreeBodh, a Gujarati women's magazine which began in the 1850s and closed down sometime in the 1950s, in the first 50 years of its existence THERE is today virtually no women's magazine in Gujarati in the popular sense except a weekly tabloid called Stree brought out by Sandesh. an Ahmedabadbased daily and another called Shree from its rival paper Gujarat Samachar. Femina, a Times of India publication and Grihshobha, a Hindi journal for women have both begun to publish their Gujarati editions in the last two years. Both these are glossies and the bulk of their content is translated from the original magazines with Femina reserving a small percentage for original Gujarati writing to give the journal a regional flavour. Sudha, a women's magazine introduced by Janma- hhoomi group of papers from Bombay in the 70s aimed to provide more intellectual and up-to-date fare to its readers but commercially it was unsuccessful. Its publication was discontinued from 1981. Sudha had tried to provide good literary content, popular fare and a debate on contemporary issues related to women. The well known writer Dhiruben Patel who has, among other things, written dialogues and lyrics of the film Bhavni Bhavai. was its founder editor while sociologist Neera Desai was among its later editors.

Govardhanram s Women

Sonal Shukla The works of Govardhanram Tripathi had a significant impact on the expanding middle class nineteenth and early twentieth century Gujarat. His revivalist ideas and his protests against the arrogant cultural invasion of the colonial masters as projected in his writings etched out the ideals for the newly educated young man and for his wife. Govardhanram's central theme was the conflicts faced by a young male graduate. The ideal wife whether she belonged to a wealthy influential family or hailed from a traditional background and was uneducated, was one who would manage the house skilfully, and even in adversity remain witty and cheerful. It is in order to fulfil this role that a girl was to be educated. These models have remained popular to this day and every woman in the middle class is expected to be something of Govardhanram's heroines.

STREET THEATRE- Unending Story

The increase was mainly concentrated in the quarter July-September when time deposits rose by Rs 3,273 crore as against Rs 1,733 crore in the corresponding period last year. Bank credit which was increasing steadily in the first four months recorded a fall of Rs 123 crore in August 1985, due to a fall of Rs 441 crore in food procurement credit. it picked up thereafter and the expansion in the first six months amounted to Rs 2,086 crore or 4.3 per 'cent. During the corresponding period last year bank credit recorded an increase of R s 2,212 crore or 5.4 per cent. Credit-deposit ratio was lower at 64.5 per cent as against 66.1 per cent last year. The incremental credit-deposit ratio fell to 33.6 per cent from 42 per cent last year (Table 2). During the current year so far, food credit has contributed .hardly one per cent to the rise of Rs 2,086 crore in bank credit compared to its share of 38 per cent last year.

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