ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Rise and Fail of Khrushchev

Rise and Fail of Khrushchev Sisir Gupta Khrushchev: The Years in Power by Roy A Medvedev and Zhores A Medvedev; Billing and Sons Limited, London; pp 198.

Bureaucrats and Politicians

With Nehru in the Foreign Office by Subimal Dutt; Minerva Associates, NOT many of our diplomats have written any account of their experiences and the few of them who have done so have tended to project a larger than life image of their own role in the making and implementation of foreign policy. The great merit of the present hook is that its spotlight is largely on Nehru and his foreign policy and very rarely on Subimal Dutt. First as the Commonwealth Secretary and then as the Foreign Secretary, Dutt presided over the foreign office at times when certain crucial problems of India's foreign relations had begun to emerge. In the early years of the, Sino-Indian conflict, Dutt was holding the key position of the Foreign Secretary; earlier, when he was the Commonwealth Secretary the 1950 crises in India-Pakistan relations had occurred leading ultimately to what is called the Bengal Pact. As Foreign Secretary, Dutt was also associated with the formulation of India's policy on the Suez and the Hungarian crises on which there was considerable controversy within the country. Finally, as Ambassador to Germany and the Soviet Union, the author had first-hand experience of relations with these two crucial countries. (There is no reference in the book to his term in Bangla Desh.) Many others in Dutt's place might have concluded from the depth and variety of their participation in the making of policies on all these key issues that they were in fact the real power that operated behind the scene. Some flamboyant diplomats have, in fact, been claiming credit for whatever went right with our foreign policy, almost like the dog that ran with the train and convinced itself that it was pulling the wagons. Dutt was, however, a quiet unpretentious and honest civil servant who had a great concern for propriety and a highly developed sense of proportion. The personality of the author emerges in the book not because of what he writes on himself but because of his scrupulous care not to project himself as one of the principal actors on the stage.

The Impact of Bangla Desh

The Impact of Bangla Desh Sisir Gupta THE two international aspects of the impact of the emergence of Bangla Desh on which it may be worthwhile to speculate are: (a) the possible effects of the restructuring of the subcontinent on intra-regional relations in South Asia and (b) the likely changes in great power attitudes and policies towards this region. Obviously, the effects of the structural changes in the subcontinent will be of utmost significance for the pattern of inter-state relations in South Asia. Even the worst pessimists will assume that India's relations with Bangla Desh will be much friendlier than what obtained between India and Pakistan. Even if the two countries decide to ignore the dictates of geography and of their economic needs and to refrain from having a special relationship with each other, Bangla Desh cannot possibly ever develop the kind of obsession with India that Pakistan had displayed in the past. Its nationalism is bound to be modern and self-contained; unlike Pakistan it will not base its claim to nationhood on the fantasy of In do-Islamic identity nor will it have to refer to India in negative terms every time that it wants to establish a rationale for its separate existence. Therefore, the worst that could happen between India and Bangla Desh is that each would have, in relation to the other, the normal problems of conducting relations with a noigh- MUTUAL GOODWILL But there are many reasons why one could legitimately hope that India and Bangla Desh will achieve a high level of co-operation and friendliness in their relations. In the first place the history of the freedom struggle of the people of Bangla Desh will be the most dominant feature of the frame of reference of the foreign policy makers in Dacca. So great has been the Indian contribution to the achievement of their freedom that the people of Bangla Desh are likely to view this country and its leadership as their genuine friends. This immense fund of goodwill for India cannot be easily exhausted and New Delhi will have to show a very high capacity to mishandle this relationship to be hated in Dacca.
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