ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Behind the Post-1991 'Challenge' to the Functional Efficiency of Established Statistical Institutions

This paper provides a documented account of what drove the post-1991 statistical policy shifts which contributed so much to what the Report of the Committee on Unorganised Sector Statistics (2012) describes as the "challenges" of ensuring the quality and credibility of India's statistical database. The initial focus is on the ideology and actions which lay behind the functionally destructive institutional restructuring of two established Indian statistical organisations - the Field Operations Division of the National Sample Survey Organisation and the Economic Census. An account of the consequences follows.

Development, Poverty and Policy-The Haryana Experience

The Haryana Experience Sheila Bhalla In the prosperous state of Haryana, the poverty ratio has been declining continuously over the last 25 years to the point where the state now has the second lowest incidence of poverty in the country. In this process, centrally- sponsored programmes for poverty alleviation have been strictly peripheral. The Haryana experience suggests that sustained growth in agriculture plus a deliberate policy of income and occupational diversification is the most effective cure for poverty. While the strategy of investment in rural infrastructure, agriculture and industrial development appears to have worked, Haryana still has a poor record in regard to quality of life indicators such as health, mortality, and sex ratio.

Technological Change and Women Workers-Evidence from the Expansionary Phase in Haryana

To understand what has been happening to women's employment in agriculture, this paper presents the findings of a study in Haryana, a state where labour absorption rose rapidly until the mid-seventies, but is now falling. The one-year field survey, covering 153 villages in all, was carried out in 1972-73, that is, during the expansionary phase of labour absorption in Haryana agriculture. The findings deal with the demand for women workers in field crop operations and the supply behaviour of cultivating and landless agricultural labour households. Data relating to the occupational structure of female member's of cultivating and landless agricultural labour households are examined and an account is given of the seasonal occupational shift phenomenon, a dominant feature of the annual cycle of employment among landless women which has been very little discussed in the literature on the impact of the 'Green Revolution' on women's work. The paper concludes with some speculations about what may have happened in the period after the mid-seventies which was characterised, among other things, by a decline in per hectare labour absorption in the cases of most crops.

Budget 1987-88 Focus on Expenditure

Sheila Bhalla The prime minister in his budget speech said that in the 1987-88 budget, he had "given the highest priority to maintaining the tempo of the plan" but, judging by the structure of budgetary expenditures, this statement simply cannot be accepted. If you assume that the current underlying rate of inflation persists

Tenancy Today-New Factors in Determination of Mode and Level of Rent Payments for Agricultural Land

New Factors in Determination of Mode and Level of Rent Payments for Agricultural Land Sheila Bhalla Field survey data about the terms on which land is leased-in raises four main questions: (i) What accounts/ or the observed regional and acreage class variations in the relative importance of cash versus crop share rents in Haryana? (ii) What determines the share taken as rent under the crop share mode of payment? (iii) Why are cash rents significantly lower than the value of Crop share rents in Haryana and Punjab? (iv) Given that both the typical cash rents and the typical share crop rents are far below what the landowner could earn by selling his land and investing the proceeds in, say, a fixed deposit account why do not landlords sell?

Islands of Growth-A Note on Haryana Experience and Some Possible Implications

Islands of Growth A Note on Haryana Experience and Some Possible Implications Sheila Bhalla The purposes of this paper are:
(i) to examine, in detail, whether or not the dynmnic growth processes of states like Haryana really did initiate the kinds of sectoral output, employment, demographic and demand structure shifts required for sustained development, at least in the states concerned; (ii) to consider whether there is any possibility that such regions may "take off", and eventually carry the rest of the country with them, party through the painful process of induced migration; and (iii) to draw attention to some possible implications of the apparent drift of regional development policy.

Real Wage Rates of Agricultural Labourers in Punjab, 1961-77-A Preliminary Analysis

Production, UN Research Institute for Social Development, Geneva,
V S Vyas, 'Structural Change in Agriculture and the Small Farms Sector', Volume XI , Nos 1 & 2, January 10,

Agricultural Growth Role of Institutional and Infrastructural Factors

Agricultural Growth: Role of Institutional and Infrastructural Factors Sheila Bhalla This paper brings together findings from recent studies which lead to the following conclusions. (i) India's major agricultural output problem has been that nearly two-thirds of the area under rice has had either negative rates of growth of output, or rates well below the rate of population growth.

Changes in Acreage and Tenure Structure of Land Holdings in Haryana, 1962-72

Land Holdings in Haryana, 1962-72 Sheila Bhalla Seven important findings emerge from this study:
(1) The Green Revolution, by reducing the minimum acreage required for a viable holding, greatly accelerated the subdivision of family farms between 1961 and 1972. This is the dominant cause of the dramatic downward shift in the acreage structure of operated holdings during the decade.

New Relations of Production in Haryana Agriculture

Haryana Agriculture Sheila Bhalla This paper has three purposes: (i) to present some empirical findings about the number, composition, and household origin of agricultural labourers in Haryana:

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