ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

Sharit Kumar BhowmikSubscribe to Sharit Kumar Bhowmik

State Intervention and the Working Class Movement

Sharit Kumar Bhowmik The state has played a dominant role in influencing the course of the trade union movement in India. The fissures which appeared soon after independence developed into what is today the bane of the working class movement, multi-unionism. The state's interventions in regulating industrial relations have, generally, dampened independent workers' initiatives and encouraged inter-union rivalries.

Ideology and the Co-operative Movement-Worker Co-operatives in the Tea Industry

This paper documents the experience of the Saongaon workers co-operative in West Bengal and the Tachai workers co-operative in Tripura, both in the tea industry. The author stresses the broad democratic method of functioning which has encouraged workers' participation in the decision-making process. The changes in organisational structures and the evolution of formal and informal methods to prevent the concentration of power in a new bureaucracy are highlighted.

Development Perspectives for Tribals

drawback of the Jharkhand movement since its beginning has been the lack of intellectual support" (EPW, November 7, The government's efforts at tribal development have failed because planners have not understood the needs of the target group. Moreover, these programmes have been top heavy with 80 to 90 per cent of the funds going towards maintaining an administrative structure which supervises the distribution of the remaining meagre allocations.

Tebhaga Movement in Dooars-Some Issues Regarding Ethnicity and Class Formation

 These could also promote the creation or extension of a European bloc in Western Europe or in all of Europe, including Eastern Europe, and with some possible participation of the Soviet Union as well. Such a European bloc might be extended to include Africa and the Middle East as well. Similarly, renewed pressures could build up toward the formation of a Japanese "Greater East Asian Co-prosperity Sphere" (to recall the term of the 1930s) in the Pacific area. The possible breakdown of the dollar based international monetary system, which is already manifest in the upgrading of the German mark and Japanese yen, forebodes the possibility also of a creation of economic blocs around the US dollar, the German mark or a mark based Eurocurrency, the Japanese yen, and possibly the Soviet ruble.

Nepal Under the Ranas

November 21, 1981 the misbehaviour of production functions. Unfortunately we cannot if we love AT. We have earlier observed that in the Boon situation, the very growth of markets will favour mechanisation. And if mechanisation is not scale-dependent, less mechanised techniques can survive only on the basis of lower wages and higher prices (as handlooms do in. India); if wage and product markets become more integrated, less mechanised techniques will decline.

The Plantation as a Social System

Sharit Kumar Bhowmik The plantation has a distinct form of production organisation which gives rise to certain specific social relations. Most definitions of a plantation tend to overlook these relations which emerge from the plantation as a social system.
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