ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

Sharit K BhowmikSubscribe to Sharit K Bhowmik

Social Clause Is Its Opposition Justified

Justified? Sharit K Bhowmik While the combined opposition of the developing countries to the linking of the social clause with international trade has had the effect of deferring its imposition, it is a matter of concern that these governments have done little to implement the ILO conventions safeguarding the rights of labour.

Coping with New Technologies

Sharit K Bhowmik New Technology and the Workers' Response edited by Amiya Kumar Bagchi with the assistance of Ranabir Samaddar; Sage Publications, New Delhi, 1995;

Takeovers by Employees-A Response to Privatisation in Pakistan

A Response to Privatisation in Pakistan Sharit K Bhowmik Successful initiatives of workers' takeovers in Pakistan indicate a way of maintaining employment as well as productivity in the face of growing threat of privatisation.

Workers as Shareholders-Case for Closer Examination

It is necessary for trade unions to think of alternative strategies to face the threat to workers posed by the government's economic policies. One such strategy could be that of encouraging and guiding workers to collectively hold shares so that they can protect their interests in a united manner. The experience of worker-shareholders' co-operatives in Quebec is instructive in this regard.

WEST BENGAL-Tea Plantation Wage Agreement-Workers Interests Sacrificed

WEST BENGAL Tea Plantation Wage Agreement Workers' Interests Sacrificed Sharit K Bhowmik Despite the workers being highly unionised, with the CITU as the main union,'and despite the state being under a Left Front government, the interests of the 2.5 lakh tea plantation workers of West Bengal have been sacrificed in the latest three-year wage agreement signed in July this yean Apart from the niggardly increases in wage rates and the continued denial of variable dearness allowance, the employers have gained (and the workers have been made to lose)Rs 11 crore just by the delay in arriving at the agreement No wonder, the level of living of this section of isolated, predominantly tribal, workers has shown no improvement, though the viability of the tea industry and the profits of the employers have improved significantly over the last decade and more.

Plantation Labour Act and Child Labour

Child Labour Sharit K Bhowmik The proposed amendments to the Plantation Labour Act (1951) will no doubt protect and even prohibit child labour. But can it be enforced?

Rural Women Workers and Peasant Movements

historical and cultural studies, and by connecting the knowledge of that literature with literature of our own." Given the preponderant position of English language and literature, woven as they are into the very modalities of the educated Indian's thought and culture, and their reinforcement by the production of English textbooks "conditioned by the nexus that exists between academia, publishers and state policies", (as Urvashi Butalia points out in 'English Textbook, Indian Publisher'), one can well understand the predicament of those among the contributors who have tried to offer alternatives to the present system of English teaching. Even the most determined 'nationalist' knows, in his/her heart of hearts, that at best such alternatives could come about only after a long, gruelling struggle that has to move beyond the confines of the universities into the socioeconomic arena.

Is a Workers Sector Viable

Is a Workers' Sector Viable? Sharit K Bhowmik The government sees them only as a remedy for sick industries and the trade unions and left parties regard them as experiments to be tolerated, not encouraged. And yet worker co-operatives have been remarkably successful in building the confidence of the working class.

TEA INDUSTRY- Small Growers to Prop up Large Plantations

question. Even if rapacious middlemen are eliminated it's hard to see how women doing hand embroidery can ever get time- rate payments, even when voluntary agencies, government departments and lovers of handicraft come to their rescue. I've no idea what those who have sincerely devoted their lives to the preservation of traditional embroidery-related crafts and the betterment of the conditions of crafts- women feel about the uncomfortable contradictions inherent in this issue. I know that I'd personally feel very sad if these beautiful crafts and intricate skills were to gradually die out. But then, all countries in the past must have had their own lovely handicrafts which at one time must have had an intimate place in the daily lives of their people. With industrialisation and changes in the methods of production, inevitably handicrafts have declined the world over. If today in India and elsewhere efforts are made to preserve these skills, surely they can be retained and admired only as museum pieces? Or indulged in as leisure-time activities by those who are fortunate enough to enjoy leisure time? What is the justification in clinging to them as a means of generating employment if the livelihood is going to be so exploitative?

Plantation System in East Indies

of growth, the supply side approach generally has tended to be seen as being of limited relevance to these countries". Could the judgment of the Fund's critics have been very different from the above one by the Fund's own Fiscal Affairs Depart ment's staff? They started with the goal of destroying the credibility of popular supply side economics and ended with a forthright challenge to the foundations of the neoclassical economics itself. If this revelation comes now, should the implementation of the new wisdom be far behind?

Forgotten Bolshevik Revisited

NIKOLAI BUKHARIN has for long been an enigma in the Soviet Union and among Marxists. Once a close ally of Stalin he was later condemned by him, branded a traitor and his works were banned. Even in the post- Stalin period, during Kruschev's time when the ban was lifted his works failed to draw much interest in his country and Marxists outside were wary of his alleged self- confession'. It is only recently, under pcrestroika, that Bukharin has been given the respect he deserves. Soviet scholars are showing a renewed interest in his works perhaps because they find in them some relevance to the current changes in the economy.

Small Growers and Co-operative Tea Factories in Nilgiris

in Nilgiris V N Reddy Sharit K Bhowmik The co-operative factories in Nilgiris have had a positive effect in helping the small tea growers, especially those with very small holdings. At the same time in spite of their financial and technical limitations over the years the small growers have increased the area of their holdings and their productivity. This shows that the small growers have been more enterprising in raising production than the large estates whose production has remained stagnant. The co-operative factories have not only ensured fair prices to their members but also to growers in areas where there are no co-operatives. The bought leaf factories in these areas pay their growers the market prices. They are cautious in lowering prices as they know that this would provoke the growers into joining a co-operative or, when there is none, in forming a new one. Thus the impact of these co-operatives can be felt on all the small growers in this district.

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