ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

Sharad TandonSubscribe to Sharad Tandon

Public Distribution System Reforms and Consumption in Chhattisgarh

Chhattisgarh's public distribution system reforms have been lauded as a model for the National Food Security Act, and as one that other states can emulate. Previous research has shown that PDS rice consumption increased in Chhattisgarh following reforms by the Raman Singh government, which began in 2004. However, one-third of PDS rice consumption growth in Chhattisgarh took place before 2004. This finding suggests that the pre-2004 reforms to fair price shop ownership and state procurement by the Ajit Jogi government contributed to PDS consumption growth. Our findings suggest that sustained reforms, when coupled with political and social will, can improve PDS access, and that improvements may not be substantial or sustained in the absence of these factors.

The Sensitivity of Food Security in India to Alternate Estimation Methods

There are a number of assumptions required to estimate actual calories consumed from expenditure data regarding calories contained in processed foods and meals eaten outside the household. Ideally, estimates of calorie consumption and the assessment of food security would be similar under a wide variety of assumptions, and the range of estimates would be quite small. However, this paper, which estimates the calories consumed per Indian household using the 61st round of the National Sample Survey, finds that the assessment of food security varies significantly under slightly different assumptions. Given the significant amount of measurement error in estimates of calories consumed, it is important to analyse not only household consumption surveys, but also aggregate food availability studies and health surveys collecting anthropometric measures that accompany undernourishment, such as stunting.
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