ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Developments in the Workforce between 2009-10 and 2011-12

After a disappointing performance between 2004-05 and 2009-10, the Indian labour market showed some improvement between 2009-10 and 2011-12. During this two-year period, around 11 million jobs were created at an annual growth rate of around 1.1% per annum. Both rural and urban India witnessed a sharp decasualisation of employment, especially of females, and a significant improvement in the creation of regular wage employment as compared to previous rounds of the National Sample Survey. There was a faster decline in the share of workers in the farm sector during this period, while manufacturing and service sectors witnessed high growth rates in employment.

Where Is the Missing Labour Force?

This paper examines the trends in employment and wages as thrown up by the 66th round of the National Sample Survey Organisation that was the quinquennial employment-unemployment survey. The publication of the summary results has generated a lot of controversy. It is only the nsso surveys that capture detailed comparable data over long time periods, and therefore, it is important that the present survey data is carefully analysed and objectively used for understanding the impact of policy and for course corrections if required.
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