ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Issues in Development

Issues in Development Satya Deva Strategies for Third World Development edited by John S Augustine; Sage Publications, New Delhi, 1989; pp 156, Rs 145 (hardback).

Intellectual Dependency A Model

Modernisation and Development: The Search for Alternative Paradigms by S C Dube; Vistaar Publications, New Delhi, 1988; pp 144, Rs 125 (hardback).

Crisis of Western Social Science

Crisis of Western Social Science Satya Deva The Social Fabric; Dimensions and Issues edited by James F Short, Jr; Sage Publications, 1986; $ 14.95 (paperback), pp 366.

Social Science of Dependency

The Other Side of Development: Social-Psychological Implications edited by K S Shukla; Sage Publications, 1987; pp 255, Rs 175 (hardback). THE appearance of a shiny new book in social science fills us with hope, which, however, is often dashed as soon as we read it. Why does such destiny, reminding one of Greek tragedy, pursue most contemporary Indian social scientists? The collection of articles under review seeks to deal with "dysfunctional dimensions" of development, and might be expected to help in answering questions of this kind. However, it does so only indirectly, by showing how we often only end up becoming willing, even if unconscious, tools of imperialism and exploitation.

Policy-Making in Advanced Capitalist Societies

But once most parts of Coromandel were overrun and annexed by the imperial Mughals by 1690, this whole system, based on close relations between political and commercial elites, collapsed. The welfare of Coromandel was not of central concern to the Mughal rulers; what they were concerned with in that decadent phase was only a short- run increase in the tax income and avoidance of troubles. They gave the European companies liberal concessions and a degree of freedom of action in the hinterlands of their respective port settlements. This resulted in the gradual expansion of these settlements into viable territorial powers by the mid-18th century and in their armed interference with the regional politics. The disappearance of independent local courts automatically meant the discontinuity of the patronage Indian traders of Coromandel had been receiving from them so far. In the same manner, the political patronage which Coromandel merchants enjoyed in southeast Asian kingdoms was also eroded with the loss, following European ascendancy, of the positions of power they held there. This was one reason why indigenous trading declined in general during the 18th century, and many Coromandel shippers ceased to be carriers of trade themselves.

Bureaucracy and Development

Satya Deva The theory of bureaucracy suffers from contradictions and has reached an impasse, Weber's contribution lies, not in discovering the characteristics of bureaucracy, since these were mentioned by Kautilya and Hegel before him, but in legitimising it, in the face of Marx's criticism, on the ground of its rationality, indicated chiefly by its use of specialised knowledge. However, he confuses between specialisation of function and specialisation of knowledge, and fails to realise the significance of the fact that generalist administrators are given higher status and emoluments than specialists. He also tries to ignore the fact that bureaucratisation involves exploitation and alienation, which interfere with the utilisation and growth of science and technology.

The New Education Policy

The 'New Education Policy' Satya Deva Challenge of Education: A Policy Perspective, Ministry of Education, Government of India, New Delhi, August 1985; price not stated.

Effectiveness and Efficiency in Public Administration-A Theoretical Framework

Administration A Theoretical Framework Satya Deva Western theorising about effectiveness and efficiency has reached an impasse; also, it is hardly relevant to underdeveloped countries.

The Indian Knowledge Industry

The Indian Knowledge Industry Satya Deva ONE of the vital issues that confronts us nowadays relates to the import of techno logy. Thus it is being discussed whether the proposed National Silicon Facility should be established with technology obtained from Hemlock. It is obvious that continued import of technology through multi-national corporations tends to make the country more and more dependent: this dependency then has repercussions in the wider economic, political, social and cultural fields. Hence it is important to examine the factors leading to it. In the following we shall look at the set up of our higher education from (his point of view. While our discussion will relate mainly to the social sciences, it will have some relevance to the natural sciences also, as we shall see.

Congress(I), Communist Parties and Communalism

good theorem according to which if the relative prices among a set of commodities remain constant over time, one can aggregate across commodities and use such an aggregate as a composite good.

State and Bureaucracy in Kautilya s-Arthasastra

Arthasastra Satya Deva This article argues that, if we use the society, State and bureaucracy portrayed in the Arthasastra as a test case for different theoretical models, we find that the Marxian model alone can expain it. The State balanced the two exploiting classes of tribal chiefs and farmer-traders. The bureaucracy functioned as a ruling class. Power tons exercised through legitimation, bureaucratic organisation, coercion, and im- morality. In so far as a rational bureaucratic organisation was present, Weber' s model

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