ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Women’s Education and Fertility in the Hindi Heartland

Using evidences from the Sample Registration System and the third and fourth rounds of the National Family Health Survey, this article shows that the fertility rate continues to be high in the Hindi heartland of the country, and that too among educated women. It also proposes some plausible hypotheses in this regard, which would require validation through further research.

Has the National Health Mission Improved Utilisation of Maternal Healthcare Services in Bihar?

Based on data from the National Sample Survey Office’s surveys on healthcare, this study critically evaluates the impact of the National Health Mission on improving utilisation of maternal healthcare services in Bihar, which had very poor maternal and child health outcomes at the start of the mission. In particular, it investigates factors affecting the utilisation of maternal care services and choice of facilities between the pre- and post-NHM periods; assesses the success of the Janani Suraksha Yojana in enhancing institutional delivery, particularly in public facilities; and estimates the out-of-pocket expenditure on maternal care in the pre- and post-NHM periods and identifies factors affecting such expenditure levels.

Exploring Safe Sex Awareness and Sexual Experiences of Adolescents in Patna

This article reports findings from a study of school- and college-going adolescent girls and boys in Patna that explored their awareness of sexual matters and safe sex, and their experience of sexual relations. The article correlates this awareness and experience at the individual, family and peer levels. Maternal education and parental supervision of adolescent activities played an important role in promoting awareness among girls, suggesting that parenting issues are critical. Further, programmes that apprise parents of the role they play are needed.

Maternal Healthcare Seeking among Tribal Adolescent Girls in Jharkhand

This article presents evidence from a cross-sectional survey on the extent of maternal healthcare seeking among married adolescent tribal girls in Jharkhand and the factors associated with this proclivity. The study findings clearly show that maternal healthcare seeking is limited. A substantial proportion of girls did not receive any antenatal services; nearly all delivered at home and only a small proportion received a post-partum check-up. The findings, based on a primary survey in Lohardagga district in the state, are intended to inform the development of policies and programmes that address the maternal and child health needs of this group in the country.
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