ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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The Tragedy of Lampedusa - What to Do?

The travails faced by economic refugees from the developing world are a consequence of overpopulation and overburdening of ecological resources in their respective countries. Urgent steps are to be taken by their respective governments to avoid repeated tragedies faced by refugees as they seek to undertake difficult journeys to the developed world.

Maoist Violence - I

I would like to congratulate you for writing the editorial “Violence of the Oppressed” ( EPW , 8 June 2013). What you have written is correct. But you have not written three important things. First, the violence of the oppressors have partly also dehumanised the oppressed, even their revolutionary...

Development Critique in Culture Trap

Saral Sarkar The cultural critiques of development by equating ecology and culture romanticise indigenousness and wrongly blame the west for pitfalls of industrialism.

WEST GERMANY-On the Horns of Dilemmas

 WEST GERMANY On the Horns of Dilemmas Saral Sarkar THE economic crisis has deepened in West Germany, and with it the social and political crisis. From stagflation the economy has slumped into recession (with inflation continuing). The number of unemployed, which was below one million just one year ago, has reached the "alarming figure'' of two million, and everyday more retrenchments are being reported. 11,653 firms have declared bankruptcy in the last year. Even firms which have transferred production to the low- wage Third World are not safe. Rollei- Singapur, producers of the erstwhile world-famous Rolleifiex cameras, have gone bankruptSteel giant Hoesch has to merge with another giant Krupp in order to survive.

EAST GERMANY-Who Is Demonstrating in Moscow

EAST GERMANY 'Who Is Demonstrating in Moscow?' Saral Sarkar ON October 10, 1981, the clay the massive 300,000 strong demonstration for peace and against nuclear rearmament took place in Bonn, rightist critics of the West German Peace Movement used a small aeroplane to write on the skv the question: "Who is demonstrating in Moscow?" While the communist rulers of Eastern Europe are very glad about the peace movement in the West and are encouraging it, they are obviously also feeling somewhat einbaras- sed by such questions.

WEST GERMANY-Citizens Initiative for Peace

WEST GERMANY Citizens' Initiative for Peace Saral Sarkar PEACE ;s too important an issue to be left to the politicians

The Alternative in Eastern Europe

The Alternative in Eastern Europe Saral Sarkar Die Alternative: zur Kritik des real existiereaden Sozialismus by Rudolph Bahro; Europaische Verlagsanstalt, Koln and Frankfurt, 1977; pp 543. English translation published by New Left Books, London, under the title The Alternative in Eastern Europe (1978.

Labouring the Obvious, but Missing the Essence

Labouring the Obvious, but Missing the Essence Saral Sarkar THE aim of this book is "to acquaint the readers with the economic progress of the Soviet Union in the post-war period". This and the title of the book already indicate that the author is not going to examine, but merely describe. Still his impressive bio-data might make one believe that he would give an objective description and, by an telligent choice of the material, leveal also the nature of the development. But Singh disappoints us. He describes mainly with the help of official production figures, plan targets, official percentage calculations and statements of Kosygin and Brezhnev, blissfully forgetting the well-known fact that statistips, especially official statistics (Singh has not worked out any himself), can conceal as well as reveal truth and that statements of politicians, especially of those in government, have to be taken with a pinch of salt. He is totally uncritical; his is the approach of the faithful , But why does Singh describe in such great detail something that is well- known and accepted by most people as fact? Everybody agrees that the Soviet Union is a superpower, and that its industry, science and technology das made great progress. When now there is discussion of Soviet economic development, it is mainly on the nature and not the quantity of that development, on the socio-political setup behind that development and on the nature of the distribution of the gains of that development "The present volume is devoted to her post-war economic progress ... which can not be isolated from the socio-political settings." But does Singh do that properly? He devotes a section to the 20th Congress (1956), but does not say a word about Khruschov's denunciation of Stalin. He mentions the economic reforms of the sixties as "measures for improving the methods of economic management" which "conformed to the requirements of a developed socialist society"; but he does not say a word about the contents of the reforms, nor why they became necessary. He also does not mention that profit (or whatever type, it may be) has played since then a certain important role in the Soviet economy. Rather, he cites the finding of Sidney and Beatrice Webb (1935) that profit-making has been abolished in the Soviet Union. Singh only speaks of the participation of the people in the day-to-day working of the Soviet political system; but he does not give any' concrete example. According to; Singh, "the working people are the co-owners of the means of production". It would be interesting to know the relative powers of the workers and the managers in the affairs of the firm

Not Role Conflict, but Social Conflict

Indische Frauen zwischen Patriarchat und Chancengleichheit : Rollen- konflikte studierender und berufstatiger Frauen (Indian Women between Patriarchy and Equality of Opportunities: Role-Conflicts of Studying and Working Women) by Maria Mies: Verlag Anton Hain, 1973; pp ix + 266 of educated and working middle-class Indian women already exist
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