ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

Articles By Santosh Suradkar

The Labour Act of 1938 under the ‘Nationalist’ Government

The strike of November 1938 was the first time that the untouchable workers, organised under the Independent Labour Party led by B R Ambedkar and the communists, came together to strike against the Industrial Disputes Bill that the Indian National Congress’s provincial government in Bombay Presidency had introduced. The contradictions in the Congress's ideology and practices suggest that the nationalists were not only protecting capitalist class interests, but the ideology also kept changing under the domain of caste and class hegemonic nationalism. By looking at the November 1938 strike and its larger context, the Congress government’s justification and support to the violence on workers under the rubric, their nationalistic agenda is examined.

Mukti Kon Pathe?

In the 1930s, for the first time in Indian politics,Ambedkar jointly addressed caste and class, unravelling the connections between caste, class, and religion in Indian society. A focus on the anti-khoti struggle in the Konkan region and the working class struggle in Bombay, under Ambedkar’s leadership through the Independent Labour Party during 1936–42, allows for a deeper exploration of this ideological position. Ambedkar’s formulation and emphasis of the “untouchables’ question” in class struggle, then and now, has continued to disrupt traditional formulations of working class solidarity.