ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

Sanjay KumarSubscribe to Sanjay Kumar

New Fertiliser Policy: A Practical Approach

The fertiliser industry rejected the report of the Hanumantha Rao Committee on pricing of fertilisers on the ground that a uniform pricing policy cannot be applied to an industry that is so heterogeneous in its structure due to various factors which were exogenous to the industry. This article examines the arguments of the industry. It also examines the recommendations of the committee and tries to meet some of the valid criticisms of the industry and work out a modified price following the long-range marginal costing principle. The new price will improve the acceptability of the report and encourage new capacity addition.

Models and Reality Case of Forest Communities

Models and Reality: Case of Forest Communities Sanjay Kumar Sudha Vasan THE following comments are triggered by the critique by Rahul (EPW, February 5) of Drafting a People's Forest Bill: The Forest Dweller-Social Activist Alternative, edited by Walter Fernandes, and the counter critique by Amita Baviskar et al (EPW, June 7). The impetus to write them came from lay observations made during a short trip to Himachal Pradesh. Though very general and accessible to any traveller, these observations highlight a theoretical lacuna prevalent in most of the discussions on social relations over forests, and which is shared by both of the above parties in their debate. These discussions are premised upon an external and static relationship between the state- cum-industrial-urban complex and forest communities. In face of the emergingcapita- list reality, which is more complex than their simplistic assumption, these discussions often succumb to populism, as in the book edited by Walter Fernandes and the note by Amita Baviskar et al. The other tendency is to romanticise forest dwellers, as done by Rahul. The simplistic model of social relations over forests we critique is closely related to a particular type of social activism. We end by making a short comment on the location of such activism in current society.

MADHYA PRADESH-Muslims in Electoral Politics

Muslims in Electoral Politics Sanjay Kumar Muslims have generally been regarded as a vote bank for the Congress and have tended to vote en bloc. On the basis of a micro-level study of five constituencies in the Malwa region of Madhya Pradesh during the 1993 assembly elections, this paper argues that the Muslim community is no longer an electoral monolith and there are differences in the voting behaviour of its members in terms of socio-economic status, educational attainments, occupational structure and mobility patterns, etc.

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