ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

Sanjay KumarSubscribe to Sanjay Kumar

Participatory Norm: How Broad-based Is It?

Diversification of voters is not matched by a broadening of the social base of participants in politics. Active participants are still from the more privileged sections of society, with education and class being the determining factors. And although the OBCs have made an entry into active politics in recent years, dalits, adivasis, women and the poor still remain largely at the periphery. Thus, participation of more people in politics, as evidenced in recent elections, does not automatically ensure the entry of the less privileged sections into the political process.

Impact of Economic Reforms on Indian Electorate

Economic reforms initiated since the 1990s became an election issue in the 1996 general elections, when the Congress raised it in its manifesto. Later, the party's defeat and subsequent slide in parliament was attributed to its espousal of the themes of liberalisation and privatisation. This article analyses the results of surveys conducted after the three successive Lok Sabha elections of 1996, 1998 and 1999. While opinions on reforms differ across communities and categories of voters, increasing levels of awareness do not necessarily coincide with a support for reforms.

Assembly Elections in Delhi

The recent Delhi assembly elections witnessed several close campaigns between the two major parties, Congress and BJP. While votes were cast in terms of caste, community and age preferences, the Congress won because of the development-oriented administration of the incumbent Dixit government.

Primary Education in Rural Areas

The indifferent success of the present system of primary education in India, which has left 30 million children out of schools, calls for a complete change of the method of delivery of education. The model discussed here has features that ensure flexibility, accountability and quality, which can help achieve the threefold objectives of elementary education - universal access, universal retention and universal achievement.

Himachal Pradesh: Elections 2003: Understanding Complex Choices

Although the difference in proportion of votes between the BJP and the Congress remains the same as in the 1998 elections, the Congress won a decisive victory this time. How is this to be explained in the context of the fact that a pre-election survey indicated popular appreciation of BJP's performance in government?

Fourth Delimitation Commission

It is commendable that the Delimitation Commission has already come up with draft proposals for some states. However, it is important that the procedures being followed for redrawing the boundaries of constituencies be clearly stated. This will aid the public debate that will no doubt begin once the exercise nears completion.

Gujarat Assembly Elections 2002

The Gujarat elections threw up a landslide victory for the BJP proving numerous opinion and exit polls wrong. This article based on pre and post poll survey conducted by the CSDS tries to look at reasons behind the BJP�s stunning win across different regions of Gujarat, issues that affected the common man and trends in voting patterns of people from different social communities.

Living Arrangements among Indian Elderly

This paper, based on data from National Family Health Survey conducted from April 1992 to September 1993, attempts to assess the pattern of living arrangements among the Indian elderly. Although family care for the elderly is still strong in India, their economic security emerges as a major issue in the absence of co-residence with children.

Changing Patterns of Social Mobility

How successful have state sponsored efforts been at redressing the issue of caste-based inequality in India? This paper analyses the impact of such efforts by probing trends in social mobility and exploring the relationship between caste and occupation. The primary focus is to explore what, if anything, has changed and have such changes made India a more fluid and mobile society than before.

Creation of New States

While the creation of new states will not automatically spur development of the particular region, it makes possible a better articulation of regional political and social aspirations and brings the structures of governance and administration closer to hitherto neglected areas.

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