ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Patterns of Political Participation: Trends and Perspective

If one were to go by the National Election Study 2009, the democratic upsurge and the contentious issues of the 1990s appear to have had their day. Electoral politics in India in the new century has taken a turn towards more stable trends in voter participation. An analysis of data from the post-poll survey of the nes 2009 and its comparison with category-wise figures for the 2004 Lok Sabha poll, in particular, and some earlier ones, in general, reveal that there were no dramatic changes in the participation scenario of the latest election. There have been of course marginal fluctuations in the figures, but the overall picture that emerges is one of limited participation. However this does not, according to the survey, indicate a decline in interest in politics.

Bihar: Development Matters

The robust victory of the ruling Janata Dal (United)-Bharatiya Janata Party combine in Bihar owes much to the developmental policies adopted by the Nitish Kumar-led government. That said, the victory was also made possible because of the shrewd use of community and caste-based support by the alliance, which the divided opposition could not achieve.

Shrinking Political Space for the Jharkhand Mukti Morcha

An inability to command support from varied sections of the electorate, a fragmentation of support among the adivasis and youth disenchantment have together contributed to the decline of the Jharkhand Mukti Morcha in Jharkhand. This is despite years of mobilisation by the organisation for the cause of a separate state and greater political representation for the marginalised people.

Delhi Assembly Elections: 2008

Pulling off its third successive win in the Delhi assembly election, the Congress demonstrated that public dissatisfaction with its Sheila Dikshit-led government was not as overwhelming as supposed. The Bharatiya Janata Party did gain three more seats and more of the popular votes but it did not have enough in its armoury to upset the ruling party. The main gainer in the election was the Bahujan Samaj Party, which won two seats and attracted a large chunk of the traditional support base of the Congress and the BJP.

The Fourth Delimitation:An Evaluation

This article critically discusses a few aspects of the recommendations of the Fourth Delimitation Commission. While on the whole the commission has done a fair job, there were certain lacunae in the delimitation and constituency demarcation exercise that need to be addressed. The presence of sitting legislators as associate members of the commission has also given cause for complaint of unfair functioning of the commission.

Indexing the Effectiveness of Tax Administration

The capacity of the tax administration needs to be continuously augmented to keep pace with the changing requirements of tax policy. One of the key challenges in this respect is to measure the effectiveness of the tax administration. This paper develops an econometric model for indexing the effectiveness of tax administration by using the principal component method to remove the feedback effect between voluntary and enforced compliance. This model shows that there has not been a large change in the effectiveness of the direct tax administration in the country over a period of time, despite the fact that there has been a substantial increase in the quantum of direct tax revenue, particularly over the last few years. This calls for attention to strengthen the tax administration.

Riddle of Population Growth

According to the 2001 Census, Andhra Pradesh in the previous decade showed the sharpest deceleration in population growth amongst the major states since independence. However, the evidence does not support such a decline in AP's population growth as none of the underlying factors (literacy, total fertility rate, infant mortality rate, female employment, etc) have moved in any extraordinary way as compared to the all-India figures during this period. Rather, if the 1991 population is correct, there is a distinctive probability of a substantial omission of either households or member(s) within households (or both) in the 2001 Census in the state.

Failure on the Rationality Front

Letters Maoist Attack T he Independent Citizens’ Initiative, which studied Salwa Judum in May 2006, strongly condemns the Maoist attack on Errabor camp in Dantewada district on July 17, 2006, in which more than 40 adivasis were killed or seriously injured. Even small children were not spared in...

Jharkhand Assembly Elections 2005

The Congress-JMM have reached an agreement on seat-sharing in Jharkhand. If joined by the RJD and the CPI, this would set up a formidable alliance against the current BJP-led government. The cause of the opposition alliance has also been helped by the presence of JMM leader Shibu Soren, who is seen as a true representative of the state's adivasis.

Bihar Assembly Elections: RJD Needs an Alliance for Victory

Will the 2005 assembly elections in Bihar see an end to the 15 years of Rashtriya Janata Dal misrule or can the party win a fourth consecutive election? What motivates people to vote for the RJD even as they keep hearing about growing corruption, neglect of development and non-governance? What could be the impact of the division of the state on the politics of Bihar? If the RJD manages to win next month, it will create history by winning four times in a row, a record only next to the Left Front in West Bengal.

Uttaranchal : Story behind Marginal Differences

The outcomes of the 2002 assembly and 2004 Lok Sabha elections have emphasised the close nature of the electoral contest in the state and the predominance of the Congress and BJP as the two main contenders for political power. Nevertheless, it may be too early to conclude that Uttaranchal is heading for a two-party political system, given the substantial chunk of votes cornered by other parties. A third force in the shape of the BSP or SP is likely to remain active in the state.

Jharkhand : Reversal of Past Trends

The breakdown of the BJP's alliance with state-level parties, combined with a general dissatisfaction with the performance of the party's government in the state, contributed to its electoral defeat. At the same time, the formidable alliance lined up by the Congress with the JMM, RJD and CPI enabled the emergence of a significant social coalition which swept the polls in Jharkhand

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