ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Market Structure and Innovation-A Survey of Empirical Studies of Schumpeterian Hypotheses for Developed Countries and India

This paper seeks to provide afresh appraisal of the empirical literature that analyses the Schumpeterian hypotheses pertaining to the relationship between firm size and market structure, on the one hand, and inventive activity on the other In the traditional literature on developed countries, the consensus was that targe firm size and in- creasing concentration increased innovative activity only uptoapoint However, more recent literature which adopts a more comprehensive approach has questioned the received wisdom, The writings on India, like on other developing countries, have mainly adopted a case,study approach to these questions, and have come up with insightful-but as yet non-generalisable conclusions.

Commercial Vehicles Industry in India-A Case History, 1928-1987

Although Hindustan Motors and Premier Automobiles were established prior to independence, the real history of the Indian automobile industry begins with the Thriff Commission Report of1953, when firms without a phased manufacturing programme were asked to withdraw from India. By 1965, there were seven firms manufacturing commercial vehicles, four of which also produced passenger cars/jeeps. In 1981, the government approved the entry of four new firms (with Japanese collaboration) into the market for light commercial vehicles. This was followed by further liberalisation in industrial policies, viz. broad-banding, exemption from the provisions of sec- tion 21 and 22 of the MRTP Act, and the announcement of minimum economic scales.

Technological Change in Developing Countries-A Note

The study of technological change is still in its early stages. It is clear, however, that the simple market structure- innovation paradigm is not enough. Technical knowledge is tacit, cumulative and firm-specific; hence not easily replicable or transferable. A large part of technological change activity in developing country firms can be accounted for by the need to assimilate and adapt imported technology to local conditions. Given its primacy in the industrialisation process, it is necessary to know why some firms or countries are more successful as managers of technological change than others.

Handicrafts Exports An Indian Case Study

Handicrafts Exports: An Indian Case Study Sanjay Kathuria This paper explores selected price and non-price factors in international trade in handifracts. Although the focus is on India, the analysis necessarily involves a study of more general issues, such as barriers to trade and the world market for handicrafts. Even when the data analysed are specifically Indian, as in the case of transport costs and the trading network, the lessons are generalisabte.

The New Trade Strategy

The New Trade Strategy Sanjay Kathuria THIS artide is not meant to be an exhaustive assessment of recent changes in India's trade strategy. Its basic purpose is to join issue with two recent pieces (Ghosh, EPW, June 1,1985 and Bhattacharjea, Social Scientist, April 1985) that I feel have been rather onesided in their criticism of a greater export- orientation. In addition, I have also introduced one or two fresh issues that are necessary in order to put the debate in perspective, in what follows, I shall first look at the empirical evidence on some important issues like the relationship between trade, on the one hand, and growth, employment, and technology development, on the other, and then discuss the implications of the more critical changes in the new Import-Export Policy.
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