ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

Articles by Sangeeta ShroffSubscribe to Sangeeta Shroff

Volatility in Edible Oil Economy

The per capita consumption of edible oils in India has increased multifold during the last six decades, buoyed by the increase in population, incomes, and preference for processed foods. The impact of the Technology Mission on Oilseeds launched in 1986 to increase production was short-lived as competitive imports increasingly served domestic requirements post-liberalisation. In the absence of a stable domestic policy, the oilseeds/edible oils sector was excessively dependent on international factors. The disruption of global supply chains due to the pandemic followed by the Russia–Ukraine war exposed the sector’s vulnerabilities, highlighting the need for self-sufficiency in edible oils. The analysis of price volatility in the sector reveals the challenges and policies required for achieving such self-reliance.

Performance of the Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana

The Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana was launched as the fl agship farm insurance scheme in 2016. In Maharashtra, the coverage under the scheme shows a skew, with the drought-prone districts in Marathwada and Vidarbha showing higher coverage under insurance as compared to the districts in Konkan.

Impact of Rehabilitation Package in Suicide-prone Districts of Vidarbha

The farmers in the suicide-prone districts of Vidarbha region of Maharashtra are aware of the union government's package and they have availed of relief measures such as the interest waiver, rescheduling of loans and subsidy under various schemes. They were eligible for fresh loans and could also augment their incomes through subsidiary activities. However, as their capacity to cope with drought conditions is still weak the impact of this multiple scheme is limited.

Farmers' Suicides in Maharashtra

This article argues that the loss in competitiveness of the Indian cotton farmer after the opening up of India's agricultural economy in the mid-1990s was a major reason for the increase in farmers' suicides. Recently, in Maharashtra, there was a suicide epidemic owing to a decline in profit incomes to levels that were significantly negative.

Farmers' Suicides in Maharashtra

This study, based on three districts of Maharashtra, reveals that though crop losses, indebtedness and market imperfections cause economic hardship to farmers, social factors are also at work, which lead in some cases to their suicides.

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