ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Nepal's Transit through India

There are a large number of inadequacies in the prevailing India-Nepal transit treaty. Issues with regard to documentation requirements, trans-shipment procedures, sensitive items, arbitrary bank guarantees, and poor infrastructure have resulted in considerably high transaction costs for transit cargo. Although the value of the total transit trade through India has been increasing, its share in Nepal's total trade with the world has seen a decline during 2009-13.

India's Trade Deficit with China

India's trade deficit with China widened from $23 billion in 2010 to $35 billion in 2013, accounting for 25% of India's total trade deficit. What is driving this widening of the trade gap and what options does India have to close the gap?

Revisiting India Pakistan Cross-LoC Trade

Duty-free barter trade across the Line of Control from two points in Jammu and Kashmir has grown since its initiation as a confi dence building measure in 2008. Despite growing volumes, traders face several logistical and policy hurdles that mean risky returns on trade and high transaction costs. The governments of India and Pakistan must formalise trade between the two parts of Kashmir to reduce transaction costs, uncertainties of barter trade, and trade distortions caused by duty-free trade to overall India-Pakistan trade.
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