ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

Sachchitanand JhaSubscribe to Sachchitanand Jha

Alternatives in Development

Environmental Crisis and Sustainable Development edited by Sundarlal Bahuguna and others; Natraj Publishers, Dehradun, 1992. STRATEGIES of development have remained the foremost concern of policymakers and administrators in developing countries for more than 40 years now. Although the last 20 years have seen dilemmas emerge not only with regard to the choice of a model for development but also in relation to its 'meaning'; in the beginning, there was little dissent on the model for development, with mixed economy and comprehensive planning as its basic features. The end of the second world war saw economic development emerge as the ultimate good and unquestioned goal of all human effort. In the 1950s, development was defined largely as an increase in the GNR In this view, the more of everything was necessarily the better. It was argued that enough would percolate to the poorer strata leading to increased employment and higher real income. However, the dismal experience of several countries showed up glaring weakness of this theory as early as the mid- 60s, when it was found that the gains of development had been appropriated by robber-baron families. There was an increase in inequality as the poor had actually become poorer. This called for a policy shift towards a direct attack on poverty, usually in conjunction with the above approach.
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