ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Estimates of Farm Income in India, 1951-52 to 1967-68

 During the last few years, the agricultural sector has benefited from a high level of prices which has turned the terms of trade in its favour. Quantitative assessment of the impact of this factor on incomes of farmers and on incomes of various size-groups of farms is not all available.

Foodgrains Self-sufficiency in Fourth Plan

Foodgrains output is a crucial factor for achieving the Fourth Plan objective of growth with stability. Demand for foodgrains at the end of the Plan, the author estimates, will be 126 million tonnes. To meet it. production will have to grow at the rate of 5.8 per cent per annum compound.

Small Farmers Problems of Identification

Growth in number of small farmers is mainly the result of (as is the growth of agricultural labourers the result of) population pressure and lack of non-farm employment. Benefits of development have not percolated to this sizeable section of the rural population.

Recession, Inflation and Economic Policy-A Comment

A Comment S S Madalgi A M Khusro estimates ("Recession, Inflation and Economic Policy", October 14, 1967) the additional investment which could, or should, be undertaken to combat the recession without adding to the inflationary pressures in the economy. His estimate is, however, questionable since his estimate of base year food demand at one-third of national income is too low.

Hunger in Rural India 1960-61 to 1964-65

The acute poverty of the masses in India is reflected in the extent of their undernourishment Much of this poverty and consequent hunger are concentrated in rural India, particularly in areas where there is a high concentration of landless labour, where the per capita area under cultivation is small, and where productivity is low. The undernutrition is partly due to lack of purchasing power and partly due to shortage of foodgrains.

Comment

S S Madalgi IN his article on 'Government Operations in Foodgrains' ('Economic and Political Weekly', September Hi. 1967), Raj Krishna has suggested an interesting scheme for food administration in India. His scheme has broadly two aspects: (1) stabilising per capita consumption at some pre-determined level and (2) distribution of foodgrains to low income groups at subsidised rates.
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