ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

Articles By S S Kalamkar

Impact of Rehabilitation Package in Suicide-prone Districts of Vidarbha

The farmers in the suicide-prone districts of Vidarbha region of Maharashtra are aware of the union government's package and they have availed of relief measures such as the interest waiver, rescheduling of loans and subsidy under various schemes. They were eligible for fresh loans and could also augment their incomes through subsidiary activities. However, as their capacity to cope with drought conditions is still weak the impact of this multiple scheme is limited.

Is Bt Cotton Cultivation Economically Viable for Indian Farmers?

Though cotton has been cultivated predominantly in many parts of India, its productivity is one of the lowest in the world mainly due to attacks by pests/insects and low coverage of irrigation facility. Despite using pesticides, farmers are unable to control the bollworm, the key pest in cotton, that ravages up to 80 per cent of crop output. Bt cotton introduced in March 2002 for commercial cultivation in India is considered an important variety in protecting the crop from bollworm attack. However, not many credible studies are available focusing on the economic aspects of Bt cotton cultivation using properly designed sample survey data. In this paper, using data collected from 150 sample farmers from two districts in Maharashtra, an attempt has been made to study the economics of Bt cotton cultivation. This study provides an in-depth analysis of the impact of Bt cotton on pesticide use, costs of cultivation, productivity and profit.