ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

S Mohana KumarSubscribe to S Mohana Kumar

Literacy Movement in Kerala-One Step Forward, Two Step Backwards

One Step Forward, Two Step Backwards S Mohana Kumar THE Total Literacy Programme (TLP) in Ernakulam district and its extension to the rest of the districts in Kerala in February 1990 ushered in a new era in the struggle against mass illiteracy in the country. The model of literacy campaign experimented in Kerala has now become widely accepted as the most effective way of achieving mass literacy. It is in the light of Kerala's experience that states like Goa, Pondicherry and selected districts in West Bengal, Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan and Tamil Nadu have launched their total literacy programmes. But, while the message of Kerala

Kerala Elections, 1991 Lessons and-Non-Lessons

Kerala Elections, 1991: Lessons and Non-Lessons T M Thomas Isaac S Mohana Kumar This essay seeks to bring out the basic differences between the Left Democratic Front (LDF) and the United Democratic Front (UDF) in Kerala not merely with regard to their national alignments and perspectives on long run political transformation in India but also with regard to their short run response to the problems facing the state. The significance of the LDF platform and the new policy initiatives of its government (1987-1991) becomes evident against the background of the deep contemporary crisis of Kerala's economy, society and polity.
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