ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

S J PhansalkarSubscribe to S J Phansalkar

Political Process and Co-operative

The Gujarat State Co-operative Societies Act evolved from the Bombay Act of 1948 through a series of amendments. The most significant and controversial amendments were effected between 1981 and 1983, when the Congress government in power through KHAM strategy aimed to end the patidar hegemony in the co-operative sector. The opposition to the amendments sprang more from the recognition of this agenda than from any ideological affiliation to co-operative ethics. The co-operative bosses belonging to patidar community took the war to the courtrooms and had the thrust of the amendments threatening their power base, severely diluted.

Edible Oil Policy From Default towards Design

S J Phansalkar V P Gulati An attempt has been made here to identify various interest groups on the edible oil sector on one hand and issues of broad policy interest on the other Owing to excessive emphasis on norms for minimum availability of vegetable oils to consumers, the edible oil policy which has till recently been an amorphous medley of ad hoc administrative measures, has tilted more in favour of consumers and the vanaspati industry. This has happened on account of the existence of imports of oil as a soft option. The domestic production of oilseeds has consequently suffered on account of depressed prices. Production increases have occurred largely, because of shift of lands in favour of oilseeds crops, causing the possibility of creation of fodder deficits for dairying on one hand and neglect of overall balance in land use pattern on the other A Conceptual Framework WITH a record production of 17.5 million MT of oilseeds in 1988-89, India may finally have begun the journey towards self-reliance in edible oils. Edible oils as a commodity group accounts for a total consumer expenditure of Rs 10,000 crore per annum, next only to cereals and milk. Till recently, edible oils sector had to be supported by imports of about Rs 800 crore per annum, while through its exports it contributed about Rs 300 crore to the economy. Thus the sector was a net foreign exchange loser. This picture changed at least for the year 1988- 89. The total policy package administered by the GOI and the State governments in the edible oil sector relates to; policies on agricultural research, policies on oilseeds prices, regulation of oil production, stocks, quality and movement, regulation of different processing segments of the edible oil industry, packaging of oil, manufacture of vanaspati, imports of edible oil and public distribution system. An attempt is made in this paper to summarise the policy contents and provide its critique.

Edible Oils Problems of Public Distribution

Distribution S J Phansalkar Adopting the twin strategy of colouring edible oils and packing them in appropriate containers will help prevent the leakage of edible oils from the public distribution system.

Edible Oils Here We Go Again

S J Phansalkar The critical question in dealing with the situation created by the rise in edible oil prices is whether an attempt should be made to manage domestic demand through a market intervention operation keeping imports to the minimum or whether, as in the past, sole reliance should be placed on large imports without adequate control on the timing and the destination so far as releases of imported oil are concerned.

Edible Oil Imports Winners and Losers

S J Phansalkar Private trade and the vanaspati industry have acquired a huge financial stake in regular and continuing import of edible oils by the government.
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