ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Decline in Sex Ratio-Alternative Explanation Revisited

Decline in Sex Ratio Alternative Explanation Revisited S Irudaya Rajan U S Mishra K Navaneetham COMMENTING on Kundu and Sahu (hereafter referred as KS) on their note on variation in sex ratio (SR) [October 12,1991], we had provided an alternative explanation for the decline in SR noted in the 1991 Census [December 21, 1991]. Again, Saraswathi Raju and Mahendra K Premi (hereafter referred as RP) have joined the debate neither making any meaningful contribution nor clearing the doubts raised by us [April 25, 1992). RP in their re-examination of alternative explanation have made scathing criticisms 'blindly' against us.

Demographic Transition in Kerala-A Reply

which the population above c = 53.83 is divided; Fi the relative frequency of each fractile group and ci the mid-point of the ith fractile group. In actual fact, we have divided the households consuming more than 295.38 grammes per capita per day into eight fractile groups, each consisting of 10.66 per cent of rural households. Using function (8), we determine the limits (c4, ci+1) within which the fractile groups lie The per capita consumption of cereals corresponding to the mid-point ci. of the ith fractile group is taken to represent the average per capita consumption of that fractile group. This is done with the help of function (9). A similar exercise is carried out to calculate the excess consumption of rural households consuming over 500 grammes per adult. This estimation is carried out separately for the cultivating and non-cultivating households in the populat ion. We have excluded agricultural labour households although some of them may consume in excess of 400 grammes per adult per day.

Decline in Sex Ratio An Alternative Explanation

Decline in Sex Ratio: An Alternative Explanation? S Irudaya Rajan U S Mithra K Navaneetham SURPRISINGLY, the decline in SR as a matter of research has only recently attracted scholars from different disciplines other than trained demographers. Most of them neither provided any meaningful explanation for understanding the disparity/variation nor have added any new hypothesis which can be tested by further analysis. The present reaction on this issue is due to the fact that a reversal trend of 5 units decline was registered between 1981-91 after a positive expected trend of 4 units increase in SR during 1971-81. Up to 1981, the decline in SR was commonly explained by recourse to such features as the undercount of females and other discriminations against women. The 1981 census provided a relief for this explanation and most feminists believed that the increase in SR would continue for ever. In fact the provisional SR of the 1991 census (929) is lower than the 1971 (930). If one explains the present decline in SR with the same yardstick as earlier, it will mean that there is neither any improvement in the quality of census data nor have the measures taken to uplift the status of women been Quite successful. On this count, many scholars have come out with several possible alternative explanations. The article by Amitabh Kundu and Mahesh K Sahu (EPW, October 12) is one among them but has brought more confusion in place of suggesting any meaningful explanation.

Demographic Transition in Kerala Revisited

P N Mari Bhat S Irudaya Rajan Many competing hypotheses about Kerala's demographic transition have flourished and remained untested for long. This article undertakes a thorough review of demographic trends in Kerala by a careful scrutiny of evidence presented by various data sources. By employing a quantitative approach and using data for districts in and around Kerala, the authors test some of the hypotheses put forward to explain the shift in levels of birth and death rates. The article also briefly discusses the implications of the current declines for the future of the Kerala economy and assesses the prospects for a similar change elsewhere in India.

Age at Marriage How Much Change

Age at Marriage: How Much Change? Malini Karkal S Irudaya Rajan There is no doubt that the age of marriage of girls has been showing an increasing trend over the years. However it continues to be much lower than the legally prescribed age and a large number of girls continue to be married at very young ages.

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