ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

S Irudaya RajanSubscribe to S Irudaya Rajan

The Added Years

While ageing of the population represents demographic achievements in lowering birth and death rates, it also poses challenges in care of the elderly. The experience of Kerala is instructive for the rest of India as Kerala is a few years ahead on the demographic path. This article analyses data on ageing, gender differentials in ageing and widowhood.

National Family Health Survey: A Landmark in Indian Surveys

What is the rationale for conducting surveys like the National Family Health Survey when there are already available reliable data sets from the census and the sample registration system which provide wellacknowledged data-base for planning and policy making? In this paper a brief examination of the data from the other surveys and their particular limitations precedes an overview of the NFHS, specifically designed to provide the information that social scientists need, and the nature and quality of the data it has generated.

Estimating Infant Mortality in Kerala

Kerala has recorded declining infant mortality, a high stillbirth rate and a high proportion of infant deaths below one week. This presents a paradox which needs careful investigation.

KERALA-Restructuring Welfare Programmes

Restructuring Welfare Programmes Emerging Trends S Irudaya Rajan U S Mishra While Kerala's achievements in terms of social indices of development has been much discussed, there is now a growing awareness that welfare policies especially with regard to health and family planning need to be redesigned taking account of the emerging demographic pattern in the state.

The Second Transition Family Welfare to Reproductive Health

factors that can shape the future. One point of interest is that, with or without global trade rules, Europe is Iikely to maintain a 'pyramid of privileges' with respect to its main transactors, in which hierarchy much of Asia belongs in the lower tiers. Another is that China's surge may be constrained by the increasing pull of the home market and by fibre availability. Both conjectures have an echo in, and seem to be validated by post- 1985 Indian trends which reminds one of the many points on which India and China are comparable; scale and diversity, home THE book under review is a collection of papers presented at the seminar on 'Policy Direction and Strategy for Action in Population and Reproductive Health in India' held at New Delhi, December 19-20, 1995. This seminar was organised as part of the Silver Jubilee celebrations of the Population Foundation of India (earlier known as Family Planning Foundation), which was established in 1971 by a group of industrialists including late Bharat Ratna, J R D Tata.

Choosing a Permanent Contraceptive-Does Son Preference Matter

Does Son Preference Matter? S Irudaya Rajan U S Mishra T K Vimala It has been observed that sex preference of children influences a family's fertility decisions. This article examines data derived from a number of surveys to examine whether the acceptance of a permanent method of contraception is associated with the sex composition of living children.

Demographic Transition and Political Transition

Demographic Transition and Political Transition S Irudaya Rajan THE debate on the demographic transition in India among K C Seal and P P Talwar (September 3, 1994), Vasant Gowarikar (December 3, 1994) and P N Mari Bhat (February 4. 1995) have contributed to the understanding of current fertility levels, change over a period of time and the expected time of replacement fertility and the future size of the Indian population. The main focus has been on the future course of fertility decline or as we call it, fertility dynamism in India. The present note is a contribution to the debate.

Heading towards a Billion

Heading towards a Billion S Irudaya Rajan This issue brings together some papers on the Indian Censuses and in particular the 1991 Census, Among the subjects discussed are problems of conducting the census operations and collection of data, especially at the field level, the decline in the sex ratio and in the population growth rate, the employment situation with the focus on women and work, urbanisation, and the nature of demographic transition in India.

China s One-Child Policy-Implication for Population Aging

China's one-child policy has been the subject of much debate ever since it was first adopted. How successful has it been in curtailing population growth ? What will be the age structure in the coming years in China?

Quality of Family Planning Services

Managing Quality of Care in Population Programs edited by Anrudh K Jain; Kumarian Press, West Hartford, Connecticut, USA, 1992; xx + 162. THE book under review is based on papers first presented and discussed at an International Conference organised by the International Council on the Management of Population Programmes (ICOMP), held in Kuala Lumpur, on November 12-15,1990. It consists of seven chapters, an introduction and conclusion by the editor, Anrudh Jain. The seven papers in this volume are organised into two broad categories; managing and improving quality of care (three papers) and measuring and monitoring the quality of services (three papers) along with the definition and impact of quality, again by the editor.

Kerala s Health Status Some Issues

Kerala's Health Status: Some Issues S Irudaya Rajan K S James TAKE away the advances Kerala made in the demographic arena the state may become an addition to the list of HIMARU1 states in India. This is because, Kerala has made enviable progress and is being projected as a striking example for its quick demographic transition without adequate economic backing. Predominantly, in the areas of life expectancy and infant mortality, its achievements are commendable. Kerala has attained a life expectancy of 68 years for males and 73 for females in recent times as against India's figure of 56 for males and 56.5 for females [Mari Dhat and Irudaya Rajan 1990], It has an infant mortality rate of less than one-fourth of India, which stands at 17 per 1,000 live births as of 1991. Various surveys conducted in recent times indicate the faster decline in neonatal mortality (one- month mortality) compared to post-neonatal mortality [Irudaya Rajan and Navaneetham 1993a; National Family Health Survey2 1993]. Moreover, Kerala's fertility transition has always been attributed to its very high literacy rate, especially among women and improved mortality sta- tus [Mari Bhat and Irudaya Rajan 1990].

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