ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Collaborationist View of Labour

veal the same old story of a very strong Centre encroaching upon the powers of the states, of the financial dependence of the states on the Centre, of the over- riding powers of the Planning Commission, etc, etc. There is voluminous proof of the tendency of Centre-State relations swinging towards unitarism.

American View of an Indian Strike

American View of an Indian Strike S D Punekar THIS is a case study of a major and prolonged strike in Jay Engineering Works (JEW), Calcutta. The strike commenced on December 17, 1963 and continued for five months, till it fizzled out on May 30, 1964. Till this strike, the concern had made a name for advanced managerial practices, high level of productivity, workers' earnings much above the average payment in the engineering industry and happy labour- management relations. Why, then, was there a serious conflict between the concern and its employees? This was the question to which an answer had to be found through research.

Labour Statistics and Research

the Labour Bureau on October 1, 1946, for the proper development of labour statistics, research, and intelligence. The Bureau's original functions were listed as: (a) collection of statistics relating to labour; (b) maintenance of the cost of living index numbers; (c) keeping up-to-date the data relating to working conditions collected by the Labour Investigation Committee; (d) conducting research into specific problems in order to furniah data required for the formulation of policy; (e) editing the Indian Labour Gazette; and (f) editing a Labour Code of the various legislative enactments and the statutory rules made thereunder and a Year Book giving authoritive description of labour affairs in the country. The Bureau started with a small

Trade Union Unity

S D Punekar The decision taken by the INTUC, the AITUC and the HMS to set up a national council of central trade unions has been hailed as "epochmaking'. The council, it is hoped, wilt help to promote inter-union co-operation and co-ordination, bring about unity among the working people and advance their interests.

Metropolitan Regional Planning

Metropolitan Regional Planning S D Punekar THE Maharashtra Government set up the Bombay Metropolitan Regional Board in July 1967 to prepare a regional plan for the Bombay region. Two more Boards for Poona and Nagpur metropolitan regions were constituted later, in August and November 1967 respectively. Thus these three Boards have been in existence for a year and during this period have done some preliminary work of planning. It was considered desirable to hold a seminar of planners to review the work already done, to exchange views and ideas with regional and town planners and to discuss the various aspects of metropolitan regional planning. Accordingly the Metropolitan Regional Planning Seminar was held on behalf of the three Boards in Poona from October 17 to 19, 1968.

Fifth Royal Commission on Labour

the strain exceeds the loading margin provided in the insurance premium. New business as well as business in force outside India declined between 1961 and 1965-66, the former from Rs 10.03 crores to Rs 8.50 crores and the latter from Rs 115 crores to Rs 112 crores. Though separate accounts for foreign business are not available, it could be said that LICs foreign business does not pay its way.

How Are Bonus Receipts Spent

How Are Bonus Receipts Spent? S D Punekar THE bonus problem has caused considerable vexation to Government industry, labour and the public for the last fifty years (except during the depression) by contributing significantly to industrial unrest. The Third Plan had observed : "Owing to the uncertainty attaching to it, the question of bonus has become a source of friction and dispute." In 1960, a high-power Bonus Commission was appointed "to study the problems connected with bonus claims and to evolve guiding principles and norms for the payment of bonus". Though this Commission came out with a formula for determining the distribution of "the available surplus", after "the prior charges" are met, among the parties involved, there is not much sign of easing of bonus disputes. On the other hand, the struggle for larger bonus has become more organised and litigation-oriented.

One Union in One Industry

year ending June 30, 1968 provided an amount of $75 billion, or more than 50 per cent, for defence with a record expenditure on the Vietnam war. A sum of $ 22 billion was provided for military operations in South-East Asia, though according to latest assessments the cost of the Vietnam war during the current fiscal year will be no less than $ 30 billion. More money would bs required both for domestic expenditure on the war and also for purchase of foreign goods and services by the Department of Defence and for personal expenditure abroad by US troops and other employees.

The Shift to Collective Bargaining

The Shift to Collective Bargaining S D Punekar Collective Bargaining: A Survey of Practices and Procedures, Monograph No 8 by the Employers' Federation of India, Army and Navy Building, pp 82, price Rs 3.

A National Commission on Labour

December 10, 1966 Year Plan. Although the events of the past year forced a retrenchment in these policies, it is clear that substantial progress had been made on several fronts, including higher prices to both exporters and importers, higher tariffs, and expanded aid. By 1964-65, these policies facilitated the removal of direct controls on about 40 per cent of CCIE imports and the reduction in the detailed control over another 35 per cent (placing licensing on a more automatic basis). While many weaknesses still remain in both the nature and implementation of Pakistan's import policy, a remarkable degree of reform and progress was attained during the Second Plan period.

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