ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Post-Independence Pakistan

courge a more positive role of the citizen at the individual level" indicates priority for the system. However, tie also says that, "a participative democratic system demands a certain kind of participating citizen... It is perfectly possible for such a participating citizen to shape up in the third world, given the will" (p 125), without indicating how this is to be achieved.

An Agenda for Disaster-New Soviet Thinking about the Revolutionary Movement in the Third World

New Soviet Thinking about the Revolutionary Movement in the Third World S Akbar Zaidi The impact of perestroika on the Soviet Union's perception of the third world will lead to a redefinition of the dimensions of working class movements in underdeveloped countries and affect their prospects of revolution. The present paper examines the possible effects of the new Soviet thinking regarding the revolutionary road in underdeveloped countries.

A Compassionate Portrayal

A Compassionate Portrayal S Akbar Zaidi The Sole Spokesman: Jinnah the Muslim League and the Demand for Pakistan, by Ayesha Jalal; Cambridge University Press, 1985; pp xvii+310,

Regional Imbalances and National Question in Pakistan-Some Indications

Regional Imbalances and National Question in Pakistan Some Indications S Akbar Zaidi The National Question has become the most important political question in Pakistan today. Both liberal and right wing sections are aware of the problem but treat the question differently. Unfortunately, the economic reasons for the issue which has found political expression have been largely ignored. This paper is an attempt to examine the economic and social base of the problem THERE is little disagreement over the fact that the National Question has become the most important political question in Pakistan today.1 The term 'national ques- tion', or the problems of nationalities, may imply that it is only the left on the ideological spectrum which is involved in this debate, but that is not so. Both liberal and right wing sections of society are also aware of the problem and its magnitude but they, naturally, treat the question differently. For example, the middle of the road liberal political parties accept the fact that there is some regional inequality in the country, but their units of analysis are limited to the provinces, and thus their solutions are also formulated in that framework. Essentially, they demand greater provincial autonomy and have lately, under the banner of the Movement for the Restoration of Democracy (MRD), put forward the formula that the centre should have control only over communications, defence, trade and the circulation of moneyThe rest of the affairs of the state should be delegated to the four provinces who will devise their own policy according to their own specific needs.

How the Bourgeoisie Views Pakistan

How the Bourgeoisie Views Pakistan S Akbar Zaidi FOR anyone who wants to understand how the Pakistani bourgeoisie and dominant classes see Pakistan as a country, Shahid Javed Burki's book Pakistan: A Nation in the Making (Westview/OUP, 1986) is essential reading. Furthermore, if one is interested in the views of the World Bank (where Burki works) on the economy of Pakistan and on the future path this country should take to develop, this book is also highly recommended. If, however, one is interested in finding out the real dynamics, the real forces, and existing reality in Pakistan today, Burki's book is nowhere near the mark and is a major let-down.

Unemployment among Doctors in Pakistan

There are at present more than 11,000 unemployed doctors in Pakistan. This over-production crisis has its roots in the structure of health care in the country. The health curative, urban-biased model is determined by the class system prevalent in Pakistan. The government's rather callous attitude

Class Composition of Medical Students-Some Indications from Sind, Pakistan

Some Indications from Sind, Pakistan S Akbar Zaidi The class background of doctors has important implications for doctor-patient relationships which is an important form of social control. The background of doctors is important in determining the dynamics of the health system of any country. This article is based on a survey of medical students in Pakistan and aims to find out what kind of people choose to become doctors. Do they all come from the same privileged class, or is there a heterogeneous distribution of social classes amongst potential doctors?

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