ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Nuclear Explosion and Its Swadeshi Fall-Out

Romesh Diwan THERE is a scene in the film 'Gandhi', It is a meeting at Jinnah's bungalow of major Congress Party leaders: Mahatma, Nehru, Patel, Azad, Kirplani. The subject is; how should Congress commemorate Jallianwaila Bagh massacre and the independence day banned by the British colonial government? Various options are discussed; strike, direct action, etc. Mahatma suggests that it be a day of prayer. They all look at him in disbelief; how parochial? Gandhi adds, there wilt be no activity; no trains will run, no post will be delivered. Camera shows a twinkle in Patel's eyes, first to recognise its implications. He blurts that such a shut out will put fear into the British. The scene moves to viceroy' s now presidential gardens depicting total strike. This, day of prayer and the resulting total strike, changed the political circumstance fundamentally. It was the beginning of India's independence from colonial subjugation because it integrated all people in the movement and Brits did not know how to react. Only a rishi like the Mahatma, fully versed in Hindu culture, understood that a day of prayer is more effective than a westernised strike.

Left Ideology, Ends and Means and Hindutva

Left Ideology, Ends and Means and Hindutva Romesh Diwan I GET my copy of the EPW by surface mail so that by the time it reaches here the events have already taken place. Reading the commentary 'On Election Eve' in various issues of March, after the elections are over, is educative. What impresses one is how erroneous are the assumptions and understandings of these writers. They don't seem to have any idea of, nor seem to care about, facts. Naturally, these writings could, and did, not predict the future even two months ahead. Through the general elections people rejected both Congress and Leftist parties and further strengthened B JP; a party anathema to most EPW political commentators.

Economic Reforms, Untenable Assumptions and an Alternative

Assumptions and an Alternative LIKE many governments in the world, the Indian government also is following policies for the uplift of the economy. The government and its principal actors are quite genuine about the goal of such policies and are persuaded that these policies will get the country to the desired goal of growth and economic welfare of most people. These policies are contained in a package known as 'economic reforms'. There is a consensus among some sections on the elementsjn this package for a variety of reasons: (i) a genuine belief that these will be effective, (ii) they suit the interests of the ruling group whom for purposes of analysis I have classified under the heading Resident Non-Indians (RNI), (iii) they seem to be consistent with the prevailing conventional wisdom based on economic orthodoxy, and (iv) they are supported, and promoted, by the international lenders. Even though these policies have been formulated, and pushed, by the government for the past five years these have not gained the support of the populace at large as is evidenced by the defeat of the Congress Party in most stale elections; this in spite of the government's and its supporters' economic muscle and political power. It is clear that the economic logic being argued by the central government is at variance with the experiences of the majority public. Why is it so?

Economic Reforms as Ideology

This paper contends that the ongoing economic reforms' are a political ideology to shore up support for the use of power of the ruling resident mm Indians (RNI). To understand an ideology one has to understand the power behind it. The existing power base is shifting from industrial x; financial capital As finance defines the power base, it promotes the ideology that makes financial capital respectable and desirable. The ruling RNI government knows well that these economic reforms define an ideology. Since they always had control of government, only minimal changes in the economy were needed. Hence, real functioning of the economy has not changed while its performance has become more depressing. A positive change will need a paradigm shift of ideas. Its underlying principle has to be integrative and not divisiveness.

Is There Hope for the Indian Economy

Is There Hope for the Indian Economy? Romesh Diwan I READ with interest the commentary, between Friends; A Conversation'.' Both Ashok Mitra and K S Krishnaswamy have been involved with economic policy and ideas for many decades. Ashok Mitra was my teacher, from whom I learnt some of the intricacies of econometrics. I have read his 'Calcutta Diary' regularly and found it, always, incisive. It requires guts to publish thoughts written forprivate use, particularly when Krishnaswamy writes about his un- happiness "because of the involvement of persons who I have been friends with for along time" and "because I think they have been knowingly dishonest";2 a courageous act indeed specially when these friends are stillin high office. Itis a fascinating reading. Our hats to these two stalwarts and thanks to the editors for publishing it.

Is Indias Economy Competitive

Since India is being led to become a part of the 'global economy', the question arises: will such globalisation help the Indian economy? Is the Indian economy competitive in the global markets? This paper attempts to answer this question.

Food, Health and Jobs

February 12, 1983 encourage the appearance of others of the same genre" (p 6). There is a grave danger for the development of sociology and social anthropology in geuneral and for the method of participant observation in particular, if books of this kind are to pass off as serious research monographs under the stamp of one of the greatest social anthropologists of the world. In fact, students of research should emulate Evans-Pritchard who is known for his systematic fieldwork, rich ethnography and theorising.

Aid as Obstacle to Development

Aid as Obstacle to Development Romesh Diwan Aid as Obstacle by Frances Moore Lappe, Joseph Collins and David Kinley; Institute for Food and Development Policy, San Francisco,

Development, Education and the Poor Context of South Asia

Development, Education and the Poor: Context of South Asia Romesh Diwan The development efforts of the countries of the Third World, in spite of their enormity and even when successful, have followed a path that has led to the intensification of the problems of poverty, unemployment and inequality.

End of Industrial Era

End of Industrial Era Romesh Diwan of our grandchildren and great grand- children"

Transfers from Poor to Rich Countries-An Analysis of World Exports

An Analysis of World Exports Romesh Diwan Kanta Marwah On the basis of a simple extension of the rather conservative standard neo-classical theory, it has been estimated in this paper that poor countries transfer, annually, net resources to the rich countries equal to as much as three-fifths of their total exports or two-thirds of their exports to the rich countries.

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