ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Employment, Output, and Degree of Monopoly in India

The employment rate in India is falling. Profit inflation is rising. A solution is shown to lie in public investment and public works, and a reduction in the degree of monopoly and/or profits.

Labour versus Labour

Echelons of labour in the production process are investigated. There is labour directed at the flow of output. Unproductive work also exists. It is concluded that the government expenditure supports production, and the taxation of unearned incomes should be 100%.

Wage-led Climate Change Amelioration

A Marxian orientation towards ecology must support an increase in wages and employment and a fall in profits.

The Sraffa Canon

A Reflection on Sraffa’s Revolution in Economic Theory edited by Ajit Sinha, Palgrave Macmillan, 2021; pp xxv+ 601, 14,821 (hardcover).

 

Simply Subbu

Futilitarianism by S Subramanian, London and New York: Routledge 2020; pp 78, 440. 

Present Values by S Subramanian, London and New York: Routledge 2020; pp 84, 440.

Finance, Banking, Money, in That Order

The “Banking: Theory & Policy” class of 2020–21 was a sounding board. The comments of an anonymous reviewer added value to an earlier draft. The usual caveats apply.

Central Bank Profits in National Accounts

For macroeconomics, the government is divided into the central bank and the treasury. Positive profits recorded by the first are cancelled out as a negative item in the second. However, a debate has been generated by the transfer by the Reserve Bank of India of a record surplus to the coffers of the overnment. The issue is examined in a stock-flow-consistent model. A tension is found to reside in the pledging of profits for advances to banks on the one hand, and reducing the government budget deficit on the other. In the case of India, we conclude that central bank profits are intended to substitute for taxation.

Trump’s Policies and Billionaire Indian Dreams

Passage from India to America: Billionaire Engineers, Extremist Politics & Advantage to Canada & China by Ignatius Chithelen, Bryant Park Publishers LLC, New York, 2018; pp 212, $40.95 (hardcover).

Universal Basic Cash

A critique of the notion of universal basic income is presented, using a basic microeconomic model. While the monetary authority can implement the golden rule of consumption for its citizens, the consequences for work, saving and investment are ambiguous, and the price level is indeterminate.

Monetary Economics of Fascism and a Working-class Alternative

Fascism is the usurpation of the economic process by the elite and the related decimation of the working class and the poor. This process is represented by the shrinkage of fiat money backing the production of goods and services and its substitution by financial instruments. This domestic coup is accomplished by the spread of what is generally referred to as “false consciousness.” The tools of basic economics can be fashioned to introduce students to these concepts. Mainstream economists continue to demonstrate the different ways utility functions can be manipulated.

And a Little Child Shall Lead You...

An elementary model of the Urjit Patel report is formulated here. Along with the positive repo rate-infl ation rate target connection, open economy controls as well as institutional data are potentially adjusting variables

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