ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Relative Tax Performances

Analysis for Selected States in India In a federal form of government structure like that of India, the state-level governments receive supplementary budgetary resources from the central government as support for the former

Growth and Interstate Disparities in India

This paper offers analytical description of the economic performance of Indian states as reflected in their per capita (net) state domestic product. Statistical analysis of data for the period 1960-61 to 1995-96 shows a clear tendency for Indian states to diverge in per capita SDP, but converge in shares of different sectors in the SDP.

Disparities in Income and Level of Living

This is the sixth and last paper in the series reporting the results of a sample survey conducted in the Calcutta Municipal Corporation area to examine the extent of interand intra-occupational differences in income and level of living of employees in a variety of public and private sector agencies. This paper analyses the inter-employer variations as well as the inter-occupational differences for all the employers taken together. It also summarises the empirical findings of the entire series.

Disparities in Service Conditions and Fringe Benefits

Workers in many organisations are allowed various allowances and perquisites which are not always taken into account in discussions about disparities in income earnings among different groups of workers. Such benefits however have considerable impact on the level of well-being of workers concerned and the differences in them cause further distortions in the distribution of income earnings.

Inter and Intra Occupational Differences in Income and Level of Living

Using a sample of private sector employees in Calcutta the authors analyse the nature and extent of differences in income, service conditions and levels of living across occupational groups. This is the fourth in a series of articles aimed at analysing interand intra-occupational differences in income and standard of living.

Measurement of States Taxable Capacities-Ninth Finance Commissions Methodology

Ninth Finance Commission's Methodology Dipankor Coondoo Robin Mukherjee The efforts made by the Ninth Finance Commission, as required by its terms of reference, to develop a methodology for estimating the taxable capacity of states should be welcomed. However, there are a number of problems, many of them technical in nature, with the methodology adopted by the commission and it should therefore be subjected to critical examination.

Inter and Intra Occupational Differences in Income and Level of Living

Using a sample of West Bengal state employees the authors analyse the nature and extent of differences in income, service conditions and levels of living across occupational groups. This is the third in a series of articles aimed at analysing interand intra-occupational differences in income and standard of living.

Inter and Intra Occupational Differences in Income and Level of Living

Income and Level of Living Manabendu Chattopadhyay Robin Mukherjee Ashok Rudra There is an extremely weak correlation between level of income and standard of living for central government employees. Expenditures on different items in some cases do not rise at all with rise in income. In other cases it does rise but at a much lower rate than income. This insensitivity suggests a social homogeneity giving rise to common values, aspirations and life styles. The hypothesis suggested is that there is possibly some point in the income range above which people belonging to the middle class reveal extremely similar consumption patterns.

Inter and Intra Occupational Differences in Income and Level of Living

While there is no dispute regarding the presence of some degree of economic inequality in every society, in our society there is a considerable amount of inequality among people with the same or comparable skills. This inequality is much more important than the inequality among people of unequal levels of skill. This is the first of a series of articles reporting the results of a research project aimed at analysing the inter and intra-occupational differences in income and standard of living.

Income and Income Differentials among Workers in Small-Scale Manufacturing Enterprises in Calcutta-Some Survey Results

This paper presents some results of a sample survey of small-scale manufacturing enterprises operating within the jurisdiction of the Calcutta Municipal Corporation area. The main purpose of this survey was to collect information on wage-earnings and other benefits received by different categories of workers engaged in small-scale manufacturing enterprises producing diversified products. A sample of 316 enterprises and about 2,162 hired workers engaged in these enterprises was taken. The sample was drawn in the form of interpenetrating sub-samples which facilitated calculation of standard errors, by using a properly designed sampling scheme from a list of units registered with the State Directorate of Small-Scale Industries. The data collected in this survey, permits estimation of not only the distribution and average earnings of hired workers by industry groups but also makes it possible to analyse variation in income across occupation categories and to examine influence on income of such factors like the level of education, skill, tenure of employment, size of the unit and so on. The information brings out very clearly the dismal condition of the workers in this sector.
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